The Reoviridae

  • Wolfgang K. Joklik
Book

Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Wolfgang K. Joklik
    Pages 1-7
  3. Wolfgang K. Joklik
    Pages 9-78
  4. Aaron J. Shatkin, Marilyn Kozak
    Pages 79-106
  5. Helmut Zarbl, Stewart Millward
    Pages 107-196
  6. Robert F. Ramig, Bernard N. Fields
    Pages 197-228
  7. Arlene H. Sharpe, Bernard N. Fields
    Pages 229-285
  8. Barry M. Gorman, Jill Taylor, Peter J. Walker
    Pages 287-357
  9. Ian H. Holmes
    Pages 359-423
  10. Christopher C. Payne, Peter P. C. Mertens
    Pages 425-504
  11. R. I. B. Francki, Guido Boccardo
    Pages 505-563
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 565-571

About this book

Introduction

It is now just 20 years since Gomatos and his co-workers at the Rocke­ feller University showed that the nucleic acid in reovirus particles is double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). This discovery created great excitement, for dsRNA was at that time under intense investigation as the replicative form of viral genomes consisting of single-stranded RNA. An equally interesting and important finding followed soon after: it was found that the reovirus genome consists, not of a single nucleic acid molecule, but of 10 discrete "segments," each with its specific sequence content and each transcribed into its own messenger RNA. It is clear now that these segments are genes. Not surprisingly, the availability of a viral genome 10 unlinked genes has permitted some unique lines of in­ consisting of vestigation in molecular biology. Mammalian and avian reoviruses proved to be but the first of several viruses recognized as sharing Similarity in size and morphology and ge­ nomes consisting of 10, II, or 12 separate genes. These viruses are dis­ tributed throughout living organisms; among the natural hosts of mem­ bers of this virus family are vertebrates, Insects, and plants. Members of the Reoviridae family differ widely in the virulence that they exhibit toward their hosts . . For example, the first discovered mam­ malian reovirus literally is, as the name signifies, a "respiratory enteric orphan" virus, that is, a virus unassociated with disease.

Keywords

Mammalia Pathogene RNA cytoplasm infection morphology transcription translation virus

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang K. Joklik
    • 1
  1. 1.Duke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0580-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4899-0582-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4899-0580-2
  • About this book