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The Use of Words in Context

The Vocabulary of Collage Students

  • John W. Black
  • Cleavonne S. Stratton
  • Alan C. Nichols
  • Marian Ausherman Chavez

Part of the Cognition and Language book series (CALS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. John W. Black, Cleavonne S. Stratton, Alan C. Nichols, Marian Ausherman Chavez
    Pages 1-27
  3. John W. Black, Cleavonne S. Stratton, Alan C. Nichols, Marian Ausherman Chavez
    Pages 29-45
  4. John W. Black, Cleavonne S. Stratton, Alan C. Nichols, Marian Ausherman Chavez
    Pages 47-61
  5. John W. Black, Cleavonne S. Stratton, Alan C. Nichols, Marian Ausherman Chavez
    Pages 63-72
  6. John W. Black, Cleavonne S. Stratton, Alan C. Nichols, Marian Ausherman Chavez
    Pages 73-78
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 79-263

About this book

Introduction

The Speech Situation is a term worn with age in the teaching of public speaking in America. That it is comprised of occasion, speaker, and topic is a gross oversimplification. It also includes challenge, anxiety, emotion, fear, responsibility, faults of memory, and instants of pride. Out of the circumstances arise an increase in heart rate, a change in blood pressure, an abnormal pattern of breathing, a noticeable build­ up in perspiration, and an ongoing evaluation. For students this may be merely a grade or perhaps a series of evaluative remarks, possibly addressed both to the speaker and the other participants, the audience. It may entail a replaying of a record of the speech, indeed a videotape. Most important is the lasting impression that remains with all of the participants. What of the vocabulary of the speaker under the circumstances of the speech situation? This speaker - in the major portions of this work we may say, "this young man" - has spent time seeking an appropriate topic. He has outlined a composition around a central idea or thesis. He has marshaled evidence, details. He has framed an opening paragraph. He has been admonished not to give an essay, but to strive for audience contact, interpersonal communication. He makes his audible approach through his vocabulary and accompanying phonology. Under the tension, the speaker repeats; he adds meaningless vocalizations in periods that might logically be pauses. There are slips of the tongue. At worst, failing, he withdraws to await another day.

Keywords

communication emotion memory

Authors and affiliations

  • John W. Black
    • 1
  • Cleavonne S. Stratton
    • 2
  • Alan C. Nichols
    • 3
  • Marian Ausherman Chavez
    • 4
  1. 1.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.West Chester UniversityWest ChesterUSA
  3. 3.SanDiego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Vista United School DistrictVistaUSA

Bibliographic information