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Hydrothermal Processes at Seafloor Spreading Centers

  • Peter A. Rona
  • Kurt Boström
  • Lucien Laubier
  • Kenneth L. SmithJr.

Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 12)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Geologic Setting

  3. Hydrothermal Convection

  4. Basalt-Seawater Interaction

  5. Iceland and Oceanic Ridges

  6. Mass Balances and Cycles

  7. Ferromanganese Deposits

  8. Hydrothermal Mineralization

  9. Biology of Hydrothermal Vents

    1. J. Frederick Grassle
      Pages 665-675
    2. Holger W. Jannasch
      Pages 677-709
    3. D. Desbruyeres, L. Laubier
      Pages 711-734
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 771-796

About this book

Introduction

During the past ten years, evidence has developed to indicate that seawater convects through oceanic crust driven by heat derived from creation of lithosphere at the Earth-encircling oceanic ridge-rift system of seafloor spreading centers. This has stimulated multiple lines of research with profound implications for the earth and life sciences. The lines of research comprise the role of hydrothermal convection at seafloor spreading centers in the Earth's thermal regime by cooling of newly formed litho­ sphere (oceanic crust and upper mantle); in global geochemical cycles and mass balances of certain elements by chemical exchange between circulating seawater and basaltic rocks of oceanic crust; in the concentration of metallic mineral deposits by ore-forming processes; and in adaptation of biological communities based on a previously unrecognized form of chemosynthesis. The first work­ shop devoted to interdisciplinary consideration of this field was organized by a committee consisting of the co-editors of this volume under the auspices of a NATO Advanced Research Institute (ARI) held 5-8 April 1982 at the Department of Earth Sciences of Cambridge University in England. This volume is a product of that workshop. The papers were written by members of a pioneering research community of marine geologists, geophysicists, geochemists and biologists whose work is at the stage of initial description and interpretation of hydrothermal and associated phenomena at seafloor spreading centers.

Keywords

bridge convection cooling deposits mass metals reading research

Editors and affiliations

  • Peter A. Rona
    • 1
  • Kurt Boström
    • 2
  • Lucien Laubier
    • 3
  • Kenneth L. SmithJr.
    • 4
  1. 1.Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological LaboratoriesNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationMiamiUSA
  2. 2.University of StockholmStockholmSweden
  3. 3.National Center for Ocean ExploitationParisFrance
  4. 4.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-0402-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4899-0404-1
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4899-0402-7
  • Buy this book on publisher's site