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Extinctions in Near Time

Causes, Contexts, and Consequences

  • Ross D. E. MacPhee

Part of the Advances in Vertebrate Paleobiology book series (AIVP, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Paul S. Martin, David W. Steadman
    Pages 17-55
  3. Gary Haynes, B. Sunday Eiselt
    Pages 71-93
  4. Josep Antoni Alcover, Bartomeu Seguí, Pere Bover
    Pages 165-188
  5. T. F. Flannery, R. G. Roberts
    Pages 239-255
  6. Anthony John Stuart
    Pages 257-269
  7. Ian J. Harrison, Melanie L. J. Stiassny
    Pages 271-331
  8. R. D. E. MacPhee, Clare Flemming
    Pages 333-371
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 373-394

About this book

Introduction

"Near time" -an interval that spans the last 100,000 years or so of earth history-qualifies as a remarkable period for many reasons. From an anthropocentric point of view, the out­ standing feature of near time is the fact that the evolution, cultural diversification, and glob­ al spread of Homo sapiens have all occurred within it. From a wider biological perspective, however, the hallmark of near time is better conceived of as being one of enduring, repeat­ ed loss. The point is important. Despite the sense of uniqueness implicit in phrases like "the biodiversity crisis," meant to convey the notion that the present bout of extinctions is by far the worst endured in recent times, substantial losses have occurred throughout near time. In the majority of cases, these losses occurred when, and only when, people began to ex­ pand across areas that had never before experienced their presence. Although the explana­ tion for these correlations in time and space may seem obvious, it is one thing to rhetori­ cally observe that there is a connection between humans and recent extinctions, and quite another to demonstrate it scientifically. How should this be done? Traditionally, the study of past extinctions has fallen largely to researchers steeped in such disciplines as paleontology, systematics, and paleoecology. The evaluation of future losses, by contrast, has lain almost exclusively within the domain of conservation biolo­ gists. Now, more than ever, there is opportunity for overlap and sharing of information.

Keywords

Homo sapiens Mammoth Vor- und Frühgeschichte biodiversity landscape

Editors and affiliations

  • Ross D. E. MacPhee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MammalogyAmerican Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA

Bibliographic information