Advertisement

Gender, Interaction, and Inequality

  • Cecilia L. Ridgeway

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Linda D. Molm, Mark Hedley
    Pages 1-28
  3. Cathryn Johnson
    Pages 29-49
  4. Steve L. Ellyson, John F. Dovidio, Clifford E. Brown
    Pages 50-80
  5. Judith A. Hall, Ellen M. Veccia
    Pages 81-96
  6. Wendy Wood, Nancy Rhodes
    Pages 97-121
  7. Lynn Smith-Lovin, Dawn T. Robinson
    Pages 122-156
  8. Cecilia L. Ridgeway, David Diekema
    Pages 157-180
  9. Martha Foschi
    Pages 181-207
  10. Patricia Yancey Martin
    Pages 208-231
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 233-247

About this book

Introduction

Causal explanations are essential for theory building. In focusing on causal mechanisms rather than descriptive effects, the goal of this volume is to increase our theoretical understanding of the way gender operates in interaction. Theoretical analyses of gender's effects in interaction, in turn, are necessary to understand how such effects might be implicated with individual-level and social structural-level processes in the larger system of gender inequality. Despite other differences, the contributors to this book all take what might be loosely called a "microstructural" approach to gender and interaction. All agree that individuals come to interaction with certain common, socially created beliefs, cultural meanings, experiences, and social rules. These include stereotypes about gendered activities and skills, beliefs about the status value of gender, rules for interacting in certain settings, and so on. However, as individuals apply these beliefs and rules to the specific contingent events of interaction, they combine and reshape their implications in distinctive ways that are particular to the encounter. As a result, individuals actively construct their social relations in the encounter through their interaction. The patterns of relations that develop are not completely determined or scripted in advance by the beliefs and rules of the larger society. Consequently, there is a reciprocal causal relationship between constructed patterns of interaction and larger social structural forms. The constructed patterns of social relations among a set of interactants can be thought of as micro-level social structures or, more simply, "microstructures.

Keywords

Arbeitsteilung Gender Geschlecht Nation Sex Sozialisation Stereotyp geschlechtsspezifische Arbeitsteilung interaction socialisation

Authors and affiliations

  • Cecilia L. Ridgeway
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

Bibliographic information