Medical Neuropsychology

The Impact of Disease on Behavior

  • Ralph E. Tarter
  • David H. Van Thiel
  • Kathleen L. Edwards

Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Ralph E. Tarter, Kathleen L. Edwards, David H. van Thiel
    Pages 1-10
  3. George P. Prigatano, Kathleen L. Edwards, David C. Levin
    Pages 11-26
  4. Ralph E. Tarter, Kathleen L. Edwards, David H. Van Thiel
    Pages 75-97
  5. Robert P. Hart, Jeffrey S. Kreutzer
    Pages 99-120
  6. Harold W. Gordon, Peter A. Lee, Lisa K. Tamres
    Pages 159-196
  7. Bill E. Beckwith, Don M. Tucker
    Pages 197-221
  8. Richard A. Berg
    Pages 265-290
  9. Michael L. Lester, Diana H. Fishbein
    Pages 291-335
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 337-350

About this book

Introduction

Great strides have been made in the past several decades in clarifying brain­ behavior relationships. Most of the research has focused on the direct effects of a brain injury on behavioral functioning. Only recently has attention been given to documenting the mechanisms by which the disruption of various organs and systems compromise cerebral integrity and ultimately how such disruption affects cognition and behavior. It is this relatively new topic of inquiry, medical neuropsychology, that comprises the subject of this book. As will be noted, the chapters are organized on a system-by-system basis. Each of the organ systems contributes in a unique and specialized fashion to maintaining the integrity of brain functioning. Thus, the chapters by Prigatano and Levin, Stanton, and Ryan address the consequences of disturbed energy regulation and oxygen supply. Other chapters, specifically those by Tarter, Edwards, and Van Thiel and by Hart and Kreutzer examine the effects on the brain when the liver and kidney cannot efficiently cata­ bolize or eliminate cerebrotoxic substances. The effects of metabolic disrup­ tion mediated through pituitary and thyroid gland mechanisms illustrate the complex and synergistic relationship among the various organs and systems and the brain. As discussed by Gordon, Lee, and Tamres, diverse intercorre­ lated processes regulate physical growth, cerebral specialization of function, and complex cognitive capacities. Beckwith and Tucker underscore the in­ terrelationships among cognitive, affective, behavioral, and neurophysio­ logical processes pertinent to thyroid functioning. The book concludes with discussions of three rather specialized topics of current interest.

Keywords

attention behavior cognition neuropsychology psychology

Editors and affiliations

  • Ralph E. Tarter
    • 1
  • David H. Van Thiel
    • 2
  • Kathleen L. Edwards
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and Western Psychiatric Institute & ClinicPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-1165-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4757-1167-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4757-1165-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1572-4565
  • About this book