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Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters

  • P. Jena
  • B. K. Rao
  • S. N. Khanna

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Atomic Structure

    1. O. Cheshnovsky, P. J. Brucat, S. Yang, C. L. Pettiette, M. J. Craycraft, R. E. Smalley
      Pages 1-14
    2. J. Farges, M. F. de Feraudy, B. Raoult, G. Torchet
      Pages 15-24
    3. Takeshi Araya, Yoshiro Ibaraki, Susumu Hioki, Ryoji Okada, Masatoshi Kanamaru
      Pages 25-30
    4. Yael Z. Barshad, Lawrence S. Barteil
      Pages 31-36
    5. Lawrence S. Bartell, Laszlo Harsanyi, Edward J. Valente
      Pages 37-42
    6. J. Bernholc, Peter Salamon, R. Stephen Berry
      Pages 43-48
    7. Aldo Amore Bonapasta, Andrea Lapiccirella, Norberto Tomassini, Simon L. Altmann, Kenneth W. Lodge
      Pages 55-59
    8. Eugine Choi, Ronald P. Andres
      Pages 61-65
    9. David W. Ewing, Gary V. Pfeiffer
      Pages 67-72
    10. Peiyu Gao, H. Gleiter
      Pages 73-78
    11. K. LaiHing, R. G. Wheeler, W. L. Wilson, M. A. Duncan
      Pages 83-87
    12. R. G. Wheeler, K. LaiHing, W. L. Wilson, M. A. Duncan
      Pages 89-93
    13. J. G. Pruett, H. Windischmann, M. L. Nicholas, P. S. Lampard
      Pages 109-114
    14. Amanda K. Petford-Long, N. J. Long, David J. Smith, L. R. Wallenberg, J.-O. Bovin
      Pages 127-132
    15. J. A. Darsey, N. R. Kestner, B. K. Rao
      Pages 133-137
    16. Manfred M. Kappes, Martin Schär, Chanan Yeretzian, Ulrich Heiz, Arthur Vayloyan, Ernst Schumacher
      Pages 145-149
  3. Dynamics

    1. Estela Blaisten-Barojas, D. Levesque
      Pages 157-168
    2. Uzi Landman, R. N. Barnett, C. L. Cleveland, Dafna Scharf, Joshua Jortner
      Pages 169-184
    3. R. Stephen Berry, Thomas L. Beck, Heidi L. Davis, Julius Jellinek
      Pages 185-191
    4. I. L. Garzón, M. Avalos, E. Blaisten-Barojas
      Pages 193-197
    5. Jürgen Gspann, Roland Ries
      Pages 199-200
    6. Jia Luo, Uzi Landman, Joshua Jortner
      Pages 201-206
    7. Thomas L. Beck, R. Stephen Berry
      Pages 213-218
  4. Stability and Fragmentation

    1. S. Ohnishi, S. Saito, C. Satoko, S. Sugano
      Pages 235-247
    2. J. C. Phillips
      Pages 249-252
    3. M. Broyer, G. Delacrétaz, P. Fayet, P. Labastie, Ni Guoquan, W. A. Saunders et al.
      Pages 253-261
    4. W. Begemann, S. Dreihöfer, K. H. Meiwes-Broer, H. O. Lutz
      Pages 269-275
    5. M. Broyer, B. Cabaud, A. Hoareau, P. Melinon, D. Rayane, B. Tribollet
      Pages 277-281
    6. B. P. Feuston, R. K. Kalia, P. Vashishta
      Pages 283-288
    7. F. W. Froben, K. Möller, W. Schulze, B. Winter
      Pages 289-292
    8. M. Geusic, M. Jarrold, R. Freeman, W. Brown, T. McIlrath, M. Duncan
      Pages 293-298
    9. C. K. Lutrus, S. H. Suck Salk
      Pages 305-310
    10. Patricia L. Moore Plummer, T. S. Chen
      Pages 311-316
    11. Krishnan Raghavachari, J. Stephen Binkley
      Pages 317-322
    12. M. M. Ross, A. O’Keefe, A. P. Baronavski
      Pages 323-328
    13. Günter Schmid, Norbert Klein
      Pages 329-333
    14. S. Shimamura
      Pages 335-340

About this book

Introduction

Recent advances in experimental techniques now enable researchers to produce in a laboratory clusters of atoms of desired composition from any of the elements of the periodic table. This has created a new area of research into novel materials since clusters cannot be regarded either as a "large" molecule or as a fragment of the bulk. Both experimental and theoretical studies are revealing unusual properties that are not ob­ served in solid state environments. The structures of micro-clusters are found to be significantly distorted from the most symmetric arrangement, some even exhibiting pentagonal symmetry commonly found in icosahedric structures. The unusual stability of certain clusters, now described as "magic number species", shows striking similarities with the nuclear shell structure. The relative stabilities of clusters depend not only on the composition of the clusters but also on their charged states. The studies on spontaneous fragmentation of mUltiply charged clusters, commonly referred to as Coulomb explosion, illustrate the role of electronic bonding mechanisms on stability of clusters. The effect of foreign atoms on geometry and stability of clusters and the interaction of gas atoms with clusters are showing promise for an indepth understanding of chemisorption and catalysis. The magnetic and optical properties are dependent not only on cluster size but also on its geometry. These findings have the potential for aiding industry in the area of micro-electronics and catalysis.

Keywords

atomic collision chemical bond cluster collision experiment geometry metallic cluster metastable molecule particles quenching scattering sorption spectra structure

Editors and affiliations

  • P. Jena
    • 1
  • B. K. Rao
    • 1
  • S. N. Khanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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