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Biomass Conversion Processes for Energy and Fuels

  • Samir S. Sofer
  • Oskar R. Zaborsky

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Biomass Sources

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Luis F. Diaz, Clarence G. Golueke
      Pages 3-24
    3. Paul G. Risser
      Pages 25-47
    4. Paul G. Risser
      Pages 49-56
    5. Ivan T. Show Jr.
      Pages 57-77
    6. Jean Francois Henry
      Pages 79-98
  3. Conversion Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 99-99
    2. Direct Combustion Processes

      1. Fred Shafizadeh
        Pages 103-124
      2. Stanley D. Mark Jr.
        Pages 125-141
    3. Thermochemical Conversion Processes

      1. Stephen M. Kohan
        Pages 145-172
      2. Ping Wu Chang, George T. Preston
        Pages 173-185
      3. T. E. Lindemuth
        Pages 187-200
      4. Carl F. Pomeroy
        Pages 201-211
      5. Anil K. Chatterjee
        Pages 213-234
      6. Anil K. Chatterjee
        Pages 235-263
      7. Herman F. Feldmann
        Pages 265-274
    4. Biochemical Conversion Processes

      1. Michael J. McInerney, Marvin P. Bryant
        Pages 277-296
      2. Michael R. Brulé
        Pages 297-313
      3. David P. Chynoweth, Sambhunath Ghosh, Donald L. Klass
        Pages 315-338
      4. Douglas M. Munnecke
        Pages 339-355
      5. D. Brandt
        Pages 357-373
  4. Technical and Economic Considerations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 375-375
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 411-420

About this book

Introduction

Countless pages have been written on alternative energy sources since the fall of 1973 when our dependence on fossil petroleum resources became a grim reality. One such alternative is the use of biomass for producing energy and liquid and gaseous fuels. The term "biomass" generally refers to renewable organic matter generated by plants through photosynthesis. Thus trees, agri­ cultural crops, and aquatic plants are prime sources of biomass. Furthermore, as these sources of biomass are harvested and processed into commercial prod­ ucts, residues and wastes are generated. These, together with municipal solid wastes, not only add to the total organic raw material base that can be utilized for energy purposes but they also need to be removed for environmental reasons. Biomass has been used since antiquity for energy and material needs. In is still one of the most sought-after energy sources in most of the fact, firewood world. Furthermore, wood was still a dominant energy source in the U. S. only a hundred years ago (equal with coal). Currently, biomass contributes about 15 2 quadrillion Btu (l quad = 10 Btu) of energy to our total energy consump­ tion of about 78 quad. Two quad may not seem large when compared to the contribution made by petroleum (38 quad) or natural gas (20 quad), but bio­ mass is nearly comparable to nuclear energy (2. 7 quad).

Keywords

Methanol biomass coal energy environment fuel glass iron mass metals oleum photosynthesis plants solid waste

Editors and affiliations

  • Samir S. Sofer
    • 1
  • Oskar R. Zaborsky
    • 2
  1. 1.University of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.National Science FoundationUSA

Bibliographic information