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Behavioral Epidemiology and Disease Prevention

  • Robert M. Kaplan
  • Michael H. Criqui

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 84)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Methods in Epidemiology

  3. Epidemiology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 55-56
    2. Michael H. Criqui
      Pages 67-90
    3. Denis Burkitt
      Pages 91-102
    4. J. V. Joossens, J. Geboers
      Pages 103-120
    5. Andrew P. Haines
      Pages 161-182
    6. Georges Tchobroutsky, Fabienne Elgrably
      Pages 183-200
  4. Stress

  5. Behavioral Interventions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 299-299
    2. Thomas J. Coates, Craig K. Ewart
      Pages 301-328
    3. Philip R. Nader, Tom Baranowski
      Pages 329-351
    4. Robert M. Kaplan, Catherine J. Atkins
      Pages 353-383
    5. Nathan Maccoby, John W. Farquhar, Stephen P. Fortmann
      Pages 385-400
    6. Roy J. Shephard
      Pages 401-422
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 423-450

About these proceedings

Introduction

In the l~nited States and in Europe~ there has been an increasing interest in the relationship between individual behavior and disease. The American National Academy of Sciences (Hamberg, Elliott, and Parron, 1982)' through its Institutes of Medicine, has estimated that as many as 50 percent of chronic disease cases can be traced to individual behaviors such as smoking, diet, exercise, etc. Similar conclusions have been reached by a variety of European investigators and institutes. The World Health Organization has also expressed considerable interest in individual behavior in relation to the development of chronic disease. Thus, throughout the NATO countries there has been increased awareness of the relationship between behavior and disease. However, communication among investigators in different countries has been rather limited. Further, many different scientific disciplines including psychology, sociology, medicine, microbiology, statistics, and epidemiology have all developed new and different literatures in this field. One purpose of this book is to bring together contributions from scientists in each of these fields. Much of the variance in individual health behavior occurs across countries rather than within countries. Thus, we can learn much from comparing behavior-disease relationships across countries. To date, there have been few studies which have had an adequate international basis for these comparisons. Interest in behavioral epidemiology is a relatively recent phenomena. Thus, many scientists are entering the field without uniform background, experience, or training. This book discusses approaches common in a variety of NATO countries.

Keywords

Diabetes behavior cancer disease prevention epidemiology etiology health microbiology prevention primary prevention protein

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert M. Kaplan
    • 1
  • Michael H. Criqui
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

Bibliographic information