Nitrogen Fixation

Achievements and Objectives

  • Editors
  • Peter M. Gresshoff
  • L. Evans Roth
  • Gary Stacey
  • William E. Newton

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Overview Section

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. D. B. Layzell, S. Hunt, A. H. M. Moloney, S. M. Fernando, L. Diaz del Castillo
      Pages 21-32
    3. Frans J. deBruijn, Uwe Hilgert, John Stigter, Maria Schneider, Heiner Meyer, Ulrike Klosse et al.
      Pages 33-44
    4. A. J. M. Schoot Uiterkamp
      Pages 55-66
  3. Nitrogenase Biochemistry and Chemical Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 77-77
    2. Dennis R. Dean, Deborah J. Scott, William E. Newton
      Pages 95-102
    3. Millie M. Georgiadis, Pinak Chakrabarti, Douglas C. Rees
      Pages 111-116
    4. J. T. Bolin, A. E. Ronco, L. E. Mortenson, T. V. Morgan, M. Williamson, N.-h. Xuong
      Pages 117-124
    5. R. R. Eady, R. Pau, D. J. Lowe, F. J. Luque
      Pages 125-133
  4. Plant-Microbe Interactions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 175-175
    2. Patrice Lerouge, Philippe Roche, Jean-Claude Promé, Catherine Faucher, Jacques Vasse, Fabienne Maillet et al.
      Pages 177-186
    3. J. W. Kijne, C. L. Diaz, B. S. dePater, G. Smit, R. Bakhuizen, B. J. J. Lugtenberg
      Pages 187-192
    4. Frank Dazzo, Rawle Hollingsworth, Saleela Philip-Hollingsworth, Andrea Squartini, Kenneth Chapman, Lucette Cargill et al.
      Pages 199-200
    5. J. A. Downie, A. Economou, A. K. Scheu, A. W. B. Johnson, J. L. Firmin, K. E. Wilson et al.
      Pages 201-206
    6. E. Kondorosi, Z. Györgypal, I. Dusha, N. Baev, M. Pierre, B. Hoffmann et al.
      Pages 207-213
    7. Ben Lugtenberg, Rund de Maagd, Ton van Brussel, Hayo Canter Cremers, Lenie Goosen-de Roo, Rob Okker et al.
      Pages 215-218
    8. David A. Day, Li-Jun Ou Yang, Michael K. Udvardi
      Pages 219-226
    9. N. J. Brewin, A. L. Rae, S. Perotto, J. P. Knox, K. Roberts, M. F. LeGal et al.
      Pages 227-234
  5. Limiting Factors in Nitrogen Fixation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 281-281
    2. R. Palacios, S. Brom, G. Davila, M. Flores, M. L. Girard, D. Romero
      Pages 283-284
    3. J. F. Witty, F. R. Minchin
      Pages 285-292
    4. H. Hennecke, M. Bott, T. Ramseier, L. Thöny-Meyer, H.-M. Fischer, D. Anthamatten et al.
      Pages 293-300
    5. F. J. Bergersen, M. B. Peoples, D. F. Herridge, G. L. Turner
      Pages 315-322
    6. Norman F. Weeden, Barbara E. Kneen, Thomas A. LaRue
      Pages 323-330
    7. D. A. Phillips, U. A. Hartwig, C. A. Maxwell, C. M. Joseph, J. Wery, M. Hungria et al.
      Pages 331-338
  6. Nitrogen Fixation and the Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 367-367
    2. S. V. Shestakov
      Pages 369-370
    3. P. J. Bottomley, K. Leung, S. R. Strain, K. Yak, N. Dashti, P. Claycomb
      Pages 371-378
    4. Alan B. Hooper, David M. Arciero, Alan A. DiSpirito, James Fuchs, Matthew Johnson, Frank LaQuier et al.
      Pages 387-392
    5. C. W. Ronson, A. Bosworth, M. Genova, S. Gudbrandsen, T. Hankinson, R. Kwiatkowski et al.
      Pages 397-403
  7. Bacterial Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 447-447
    2. Alfred Pühler, Thomas Engelke, Doris Jording, Parveen K. Sharma
      Pages 449-450

About this book


We are witnessing an increased awareness of the earth's environment. Examples are easily seen in the rise of 'Green Parties' across Europe, North America, Australasia, and lately Eastern Europe. The public outcry following industrial mishaps in Alaska, Chernobyl, Basel, and Bhopal, as well as the renewed legislative activity, such as the Clean Air Act in the USA and the European Community directive to member nation concerning the control of release of genetically engineered organisms are further examples of the general interest in the biosphere. The 'Ozone hole', 'Greenhouse gases', and 'Genetically engineered Microorganisms' have gained public profiles, and are discussed widely in newspapers, magazines and the electronic media. A recent educational survey of nations, belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) showed that school children are more literate with ecological terms (as listed above) than with 'pure' scientific terms, like 'phloem', 'mitosis', 'proton', or 'Jurasic period'. Perhaps the increase in awareness is cyclical, being fed by non-scientific, sociological and economic advances. The late 1960s/early 1970s saw a major increase in environmental consciousness. Anti-pollution groups were founded, healthfood shops and naturopathy became acceptable as did recycling, the use of lead-free gasoline, and the reduced usage of environmental toxins, like DDT and PCB. For example, Monsanto Chemical Company instigated a self-imposed halt to the manufacture of PCB in the mid-seventies. Chemical companies started to look at biodegradable herbicides, slow release fertilizers, and specifically targeted pesticides.


Europe Recycling chemistry control development education engine environment evolution health hydrogen microorganism pesticide pollution toxin

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