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Freud and Modern Psychology

The Emotional Basis of Human Behavior

  • Helen Block Lewis

Part of the Emotions, Personality, and Psychotherapy book series (EPPS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 1-23
  3. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 24-43
  4. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 44-66
  5. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 67-93
  6. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 94-117
  7. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 118-140
  8. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 141-170
  9. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 171-189
  10. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 190-205
  11. Helen Block Lewis
    Pages 207-216
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 217-237

About this book

Introduction

Freud's discovery of an emotional basis for mental illness led him to pursue the emotional basis of human behavior in general. This pursuit led him to undertake observational studies of dreams (1900), everyday mistakes (1901), sexuality (1905b), character formation (1908, 1931), jokes (1905a), and the origin of guilt (1913). Volume 2 of Freud and Modern Psychology examines the texts of each of these major writings in general psychology, continuing to explore the contradiction between Freud's observations about the power of emotions and his narrow the­ oretical formulations about human behavior. Volume 2 also reviews the remarkable power of the uniquely moral emotions of shame and guilt not only to create psychiatric symptoms, as discussed in Volume 1, but to infiltrate our nightly dreams, create everyday parapraxes, influence the development of sexuality, specify the emotional release in jokes, shape personality, and "create" human culture. As we saw in Volume 1, we shall see again in Volume 2 that Freud's theoretical difficulties arose from the absence of a viable theory of human nature as cultural, that is, social by biological origin. In a the­ oretical framework based on the cultural nature of human nature, the emotions and the social cohesion are reciprocally related to each other. The emotions are the means of the social cohesion which, in turn, is the means by which the emotions, including shame and guilt, are formed in infancy.

Keywords

behavior character emotion human behavior personality psychology sexuality

Authors and affiliations

  • Helen Block Lewis
    • 1
  1. 1.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA

Bibliographic information