Genetic Engineering of Osmoregulation

Impact on Plant Productivity for Food, Chemicals, and Energy

  • D. W. Rains
  • R. C. Valentine
  • Alexander Hollaender

Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 14)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

  3. Osmoregulation in Prokaryotic Organisms

  4. Osmoregulation in Eukaryotic Microorganisms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 73-73
    2. A. D. Brown, Margaret Edgley
      Pages 75-90
    3. J. A. Raven, F. A. Smith, S. E. Smith
      Pages 101-118
    4. Panel Discussion on Molecular Biology of Osmoregulation by Microorganisms

      1. D. W. Rains, R. C. Valentine, Alexander Hollaender
        Pages 119-131
  5. Osmoregulatory Mechanisms in Plants

  6. Mechanisms of Drought and Cold Tolerance in Plants

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 197-197
    2. J. S. Boyer, R. F. Meyer
      Pages 199-202
    3. M. J. Saxton, R. W. Breidenbach, J. M. Lyons
      Pages 203-233
    4. Peter L. Steponkus
      Pages 235-255
    5. Panel Discussion

      1. D. W. Rains, R. C. Valentine, Alexander Hollaender
        Pages 257-276
  7. Applications for Plant Improvement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 277-277
    2. D. W. Rains, T. P. Croughan, S. J. Stavarek
      Pages 279-292
    3. Jack D. Norlyn
      Pages 293-309
  8. NSF — Cornell Workshop

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 319-319
    2. A. A. Szalay, R. E. MacDonald
      Pages 321-332
  9. Discussion by National Research Agencies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 333-333
    2. Alexander Hollaender, George Brosseau
      Pages 335-338
    3. Lewis G. Mayfield
      Pages 345-349
    4. Richard H. Nieman
      Pages 355-357
  10. Poster Presentation

  11. Back Matter
    Pages 369-381

About this book


The plant world represents a vast renewable resource for production of food, chemicals and energy. The utilization of this resource is frequently limited by moisture, temperature or salt stress. The emphasis of this volume is on the molecular basis of osmoregulation, adaptation to salt and water stress and applica­ tions for plant improvement. A unified concept of drought, salt, thermal and other forms of stress is proposed and discussed in the publication. The volume developed from a symposium entitled "Genetic Engi­ neering of Osmoregulation: Impact on Plant Productivity for Food, Chemicals and Energy," organized by D. W. Rains and R. C. Valentine in cooperation with Brookhaven National Laboratory and directed by D. W. Rains and A. Hollaender. The program was supported by a grant from the National Science Founda~ion, Division of Problem Focused Research, Problem Analysis Group, and the Department of Energy. This symposium is one of several in the past and pending which deal with potential applications of genetic engineering in agri­ culture. Since the question was raised several times during the meeting it is perhaps a convenient time to attempt to define gene­ tic engineering in the context of the meeting. • Genetic engineering of osmoregulation is simply the application of the science of genetics toward osmo­ tically tolerant microbes and plants. • Recombinant DNA is regarded as just another tool along with conventional genetics to be utilized for improvement of microbes and plants.


food genetic engineering genetics microbes

Editors and affiliations

  • D. W. Rains
    • 1
  • R. C. Valentine
    • 1
  • Alexander Hollaender
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.Associated Universities, Inc.USA

Bibliographic information