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Nutrition and Mental Functions

  • George Serban

Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 14)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Welcoming Address

    1. Sol Kittay
      Pages 1-2
  3. Introductory Remarks

    1. George Serban
      Pages 3-4
  4. Introductory Remarks

    1. Morris Herman
      Pages 5-6
  5. Biophysiological Aspects of Animal and Human Brain Growth as Related to Malnutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Carl Pfaffmann
      Pages 9-11
    3. Robert R. Zimmermann, Charles R. Geist, David A. Strobel
      Pages 33-64
    4. Myron Winick
      Pages 65-73
    5. George Collier, Robert L. Squibb, Paul Hamlin
      Pages 99-112
    6. Gerald Turkewitz
      Pages 113-120
    7. Myron Winick
      Pages 121-124
  6. Clinical and Follow-up Studies Related to Mental Functioning of Malnourished Children

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Joaquín Cravioto, Elsa DeLicardie
      Pages 143-191
    3. Merrill S. Read
      Pages 193-197
  7. The Biochemical Aspects of Nutrition as Related to Mental Illness

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 199-199
    2. Loren R. Mosher
      Pages 201-203
    3. Seymour S. Kety
      Pages 205-212
    4. John R. Wittenborn
      Pages 213-224
  8. Workshop on Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 225-225
    2. Mervyn Susser
      Pages 227-230
    3. Mervyn Susser
      Pages 241-242
  9. Discussion on Megavitamins

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 243-243
    2. Seymour S. Kety
      Pages 251-252
    3. Arnold J. Friedhoff
      Pages 263-266
    4. Morris A. Lipton
      Pages 267-270
    5. Humphrey Osmond
      Pages 271-271
  10. Conclusions and Index

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 273-273
    2. George Serban
      Pages 275-276
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 277-281

About this book

Introduction

The description of sequelae of nutritional deficien­ cies was equally oversimplified. Obviously, a disease like rickets, which affected hard tissues--the skeleton-­ had irreversible consequences. Destruction or alteration of tissues, such as in cancrum oris or severe xerophthal­ mia, was equally permanent and easily observed. Other models were beriberi or scurvy, where, by contrast, the vitamin treatment seemed to restore the individual to the completely normal status quo ante. Most nutritionists were therefore little prepared intellectually for the series of suggestive findings con­ cerning nutrition and mental development which has been the highlight of nutritional research in the past decade: the discovery that there are irreversible gaps in mental development not correlated with obvious permanent somatic lesions which follow acute malnutrition during the develop­ ment of the young infant. Furthermore, not only are ex­ isting somatic instruments--physical examination, the scale, and the measuring tape--inadequate to detect such intellectual and behavioral deficits, but some of the current psychological instruments, bound to traditions of Western culture, are often poorly adapted to measure fine differences in psychological development among poor populations. These initial discoveries have stimulated important methodological advances, ranging from better staining techniques for the study of fibers connecting brain neurons to better tests for the study of cognitive development.

Keywords

Vitamin behavior brain children development environment instruments nutrition population skeleton tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • George Serban
    • 1
  1. 1.New York University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-3075-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1975
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4684-3077-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4684-3075-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0099-6246
  • Buy this book on publisher's site