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Immunology and Aging

  • Takashi Makinodan
  • Edmond Yunis

Part of the Comprehensive Immunology book series (COMIMUN, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Takashi Makinodan
    Pages 1-7
  3. Takashi Makinodan, Robert A. Good, Marguerite M. B. Kay
    Pages 9-22
  4. W. Hijmans, C. F. Hollander
    Pages 23-33
  5. Ian R. Mackay, Senga F. Whittingham, John D. Mathews
    Pages 35-49
  6. Katsuiku Hirokawa
    Pages 51-72
  7. Nicola Fabris
    Pages 73-89
  8. Jorge J. Yunis, Leonard J. Greenberg, Edmond J. Yunis
    Pages 91-101
  9. Richard K. Gershon, Charles M. Metzler
    Pages 103-110
  10. Robert E. Anderson, William E. Doughty, Gary M. Troup
    Pages 151-170
  11. Roy L. Walford, Patricia J. Meredith, Kay E. Cheney
    Pages 183-201
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 203-208

About this book

Introduction

In the classic sense, immunity is the ability of an organism to resist disease. On the one hand, we must distinguish between age and disease; on the other hand, the interaction between them is of considerable theoretical and practical interest. To the gerontologic research community, therefore, immunity also becomes the ability of an organism to resist age. Were the immune and other protective systems of the body able to maintain themselves over the course of time, and if there were no degradation related to age, the everyday loss of energy and vitality that occurs in the lives of older people as a consequence of viruses, arthritis, and other debilitating circumstances would be greatly lessened. The objective of gerontologists is not just to extend the life span but rather to improve the vigor, health, and quality oflife. To date, we have not developed a single index to measure immunity that is of use clinically in the evaluation of older people and of their immunologic compe­ tence. It may not be surprising that just such a clinical index may be available in the not-too-distant future. We can also look forward to the assembling of a greater body of information explaining how and why the immune system fails with age while, paradoxically, the incidence of autoimmune diseases increases with age. It is this latter phenomenon that may playa part in a wide range of chronic diseases from rheumatoid arthritis to senile dementia.

Keywords

autoimmune disease diseases immune system immunity immunology

Editors and affiliations

  • Takashi Makinodan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Edmond Yunis
    • 4
  1. 1.Baltimore City HospitalsBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Veterans Administration Wadsworth Hospital CenterUSA
  3. 3.University of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Sidney Farber Cancer InstituteHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

Bibliographic information