Environmental Assessment of Socioeconomic Systems

  • Dietrich F. Burkhardt
  • William H. Ittelson

Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Methodology: Planning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. E. Rupp
      Pages 17-27
    3. R. Lesthaeghe, S. Wijewickrema, M. Despontin, A. De Kerpel
      Pages 29-47
  3. Methodology: Prediction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Hans-Peter Weber
      Pages 83-101
    3. William A. Wagenaar, H. Timmers
      Pages 103-122
  4. Methodology: Assessment

  5. Case Studies: Assessment of Technological Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-239
    2. H. P. Johri, J. D. Milne, R. E. Wright
      Pages 241-261
    3. C. K. Knapper, A. J. Cropley
      Pages 263-278

About this book

Introduction

Neglect of the relation between the socio-economic system and its natural environment has had detrimental consequences in the past, for example - the pollution of the natural environment (water, air and soil) by producing, using and consuming the products of our industrialized economy, - the forseeable exhaustion of natural resources by continuing the increase of industrial production. Most of the recent activities, both in research and in adminis­ tration, against these impacts have been technically oriented, with the aim of stimulating and introducing new technologies of produc­ tion and new products to diminish the environmental pollution. But these efforts, which are of course necessary, cannot be successful in approaching the aim - which should and must in the long-term view be defined as the development of society in balance with the natural environment. Therefore, in addition to an assess­ ment of technologies, emphasis should be put on an assessment of socio-economic systems. On di~~erent levels, individual and social preferences determine quantities and qualities of production and consumption using economical values, e.g., market prices as regula­ tors. Following this argumentation, an environment assessment of activities against pollution has especially to consider the social response to environmental impacts. Of course, this topic must be a subject of interdisciplinary research. The challenge concerned in this context is to increase the knowledge of the relationship between social, economic and tech­ nical subsets.

Keywords

air development environmental planning production research soil

Editors and affiliations

  • Dietrich F. Burkhardt
    • 1
  • William H. Ittelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft mbHOttobrunnWest Germany
  2. 2.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-2520-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1978
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4684-2522-2
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4684-2520-8
  • About this book