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Genetics and the Law

  • Editors
  • Aubrey Milunsky
  • George J. Annas

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages iii-xii
  2. The Fetus and the Newborn

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Margery W. Shaw, Catherine Damme
      Pages 3-18
    3. Harold P. Green
      Pages 19-28
    4. Leonard H. Glantz
      Pages 29-43
    5. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 45-52
    6. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 61-62
    7. Alan M. Dershowitz
      Pages 63-71
    8. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 87-101
  3. Genetic Counseling — Mass Population Screening for Homozygotes and Heterozygotes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Kurt Hirschhorn
      Pages 105-110
    3. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 123-132
    4. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 185-194
  4. Genetics and Family Law

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-195
    2. Angelyn A. Konugres
      Pages 219-238
    3. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 239-242
    4. Charles H. Baron
      Pages 267-284
    5. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 285-287
    6. John L. Thompson, Wendy M. Greenfield
      Pages 289-294
    7. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 295-298
  5. Research and Experimentation — In Vitro Fertilization — Clonal Man

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 299-299
    2. Arthur G. Steinberg
      Pages 301-310
    3. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 311-318
    4. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 341-349
    5. Charles U. Lowe
      Pages 351-356
    6. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 357-358
    7. Leon Eisenberg
      Pages 387-395
    8. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 397-403
  6. Eugenics, Ethics, Law, and Society

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 405-405
    2. Salvadore E. Luria
      Pages 407-410
    3. Marc Lappé
      Pages 421-430
    4. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 431-433
    5. Robert A. Burt
      Pages 435-450
    6. John A. Robertson
      Pages 451-465
    7. Aubrey Milunsky, George J. Annas
      Pages 487-494

About this book

Introduction

Society has historically not taken a benign view of genetic disease. The laws permitting sterilization of the mentally re­ tarded~ and those proscribing consanguineous marriages are but two examples. Indeed as far back as the 5th-10th centuries, B.C.E., consanguineous unions were outlawed (Leviticus XVIII, 6). Case law has traditionally tended toward the conservative. It is reactive rather than directive, exerting its influence only after an individual or group has sustained injury and brought suit. In contrast, state legislatures have not been inhibited in enacting statutes. Many of their products can be characterized as hasty, unnecessary, ill-conceived, and based on the heart rather than the head. Moreover the lack of expert consultation sought has also been remarkable. One state legislature, for example, has advocated immunization for sickle cell anemia! Many others have enacted laws for the screening of inborn errors of metabolism, e.g., phenylketon­ uria, but have poorly defined the lines of responsibility to secure compliance. A spate of specific disease-related bills has emerged in the u.S. Congress, each seeking recognition and appropriations. Sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, Cooley's anemia and Tay-Sachs disease have been among the front-runners for support. Finally, in 1975, Congress has begun to examine an omnibus bill concerning all forms of genetic disease. The bill, termed the National Genetic Diseases Act is, however, still far from being enacted.

Keywords

Nation cognition ethics genetics medical profession profession

Bibliographic information