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Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids

  • Shashanka S. Mitra
  • Bernard Bendow

Part of the Optical Physics and Engineering book series (OPEG)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Multiphonon Absorption

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Bernard Bendow, Stanford P. Yukon
      Pages 35-43
    3. A. J. Barker, G. R. Wilkinson, N. E. Massa, S. S. Mitra
      Pages 45-58
    4. L. L. Boyer, James A. Harrington, Marvin Hass, Herbert B. Rosenstock
      Pages 59-69
    5. H. G. Lipson, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra
      Pages 87-98
    6. M. Chen, M. Hass, T. C. McGill
      Pages 99-107
    7. J. M. Rowe, J. A. Harrington
      Pages 109-118
    8. E. S. Koteles, W. R. Datars
      Pages 119-127
  3. Electronic Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 129-129
    2. John D. Dow
      Pages 131-143
    3. R. T. Williams, S. E. Schnatterly
      Pages 145-160
    4. Michael J. Frankel, Joseph L. Birman
      Pages 161-168
    5. K. Vedam, E. D. D. Schmidt, W. C. Schneider
      Pages 169-177
    6. M. M. Kreitman, S. P. Faile, C. W. Litton, D. C. Reynolds
      Pages 179-188
  4. Impurity Effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. K. W. Blazey, O. F. Schirmer, W. Berlinger, K. A. Müeller
      Pages 231-232
    3. R. T. Williams, J. N. Bradford, W. L. Faust
      Pages 233-241
  5. Glasses

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 243-243
    2. Jan Tauc
      Pages 245-260
    3. R. E. Howard, P. S. Danielson, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, P. B. Macedo, C. T. Moynihan
      Pages 271-285
    4. Yet-Ful Tsay, Bernard Bendow, Stanford P. Yukon
      Pages 287-296
  6. Multiphoton Processes and Nonlinear Effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327
    2. N. Bloembergen, M. D. Levenson, R. T. Lynch Jr.
      Pages 329-337
    3. S. S. Mitra, L. M. Narducci, R. A. Shatas, Y. F. Tsay, A. Vaidyanathan
      Pages 353-364
    4. S. D. Kramer, N. Bloembergen
      Pages 365-371
    5. N. Tzoar, J. I. Gersten
      Pages 373-379
    6. W. L. Smith, J. H. Bechtel, N. Bloembergen
      Pages 381-392
  7. Measurement Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 403-403
    2. M. Hass, J. W. Davisson, H. B. Rosenstock, J. A. Slinkman, J. Babiskin
      Pages 435-442
    3. J. L. Merz, R. A. Logan, A. M. Sergent
      Pages 473-482
    4. D. A. Rockwell, T. S. Colbert, J. H. Parks
      Pages 493-502
    5. S. D. Allen, A. I. Braunstein, M. Braunstein, J. C. Cheng, L. A. Nafie
      Pages 503-514

About this book

Introduction

Although much work has been performed on measure­ ments and interpretation of light absorption by opaque or nearly opaque solids, it is surprising to note that until recently relatively little reliable experimental data, and much less theoretical work was available on the nature of transparent solids. This, in spite of the fact that a vast majority of engineering and device ap­ plications of a solid depend on its optical transparency. Needless to say, all solids are both transparent and opa­ que depending on the spectral region of consideration. The absorption processes that limit the transparency of a solid are either due to lattice vibrations, as in ionic or partially ionic solids, or due to electronic transi­ tions, both intrinsic and impurity-induced. For most materials, a sufficiently wide spectral window exists be­ tween these two limits, where the material is transpar­ ent. In general, the absorption coefficient, in the long wavelength side of, but sufficiently away from, the fun­ damental absorption edge, is relatively structureless and has an exponential dependence on frequency. Recent evi­ dence suggests that in the short wavelength side of the one-phonon region, but beyond two- or three-phonon sin­ gularities, the absorption coefficient of both polar and nonpolar solids is also relatively structureless and de­ pends exponentially on frequency.

Keywords

Absorption Blende Dispersion Photometer exciton glass laser light scattering optical communication optical properties scattering semiconductor spectroscopy transmission transparency

Editors and affiliations

  • Shashanka S. Mitra
    • 1
  • Bernard Bendow
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA
  2. 2.Air Force Cambridge Research LaboratoriesBedfordUSA

Bibliographic information