Optical Properties of Highly Transparent Solids

  • Shashanka S. Mitra
  • Bernard Bendow

Part of the Optical Physics and Engineering book series (OPEG)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Multiphonon Absorption

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Bernard Bendow, Stanford P. Yukon
      Pages 35-43
    3. A. J. Barker, G. R. Wilkinson, N. E. Massa, S. S. Mitra
      Pages 45-58
    4. L. L. Boyer, James A. Harrington, Marvin Hass, Herbert B. Rosenstock
      Pages 59-69
    5. H. G. Lipson, B. Bendow, S. S. Mitra
      Pages 87-98
    6. M. Chen, M. Hass, T. C. McGill
      Pages 99-107
    7. J. M. Rowe, J. A. Harrington
      Pages 109-118
    8. E. S. Koteles, W. R. Datars
      Pages 119-127
  3. Electronic Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 129-129
    2. John D. Dow
      Pages 131-143
    3. R. T. Williams, S. E. Schnatterly
      Pages 145-160
    4. Michael J. Frankel, Joseph L. Birman
      Pages 161-168
    5. K. Vedam, E. D. D. Schmidt, W. C. Schneider
      Pages 169-177
    6. M. M. Kreitman, S. P. Faile, C. W. Litton, D. C. Reynolds
      Pages 179-188
  4. Impurity Effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189

About this book

Introduction

Although much work has been performed on measure­ ments and interpretation of light absorption by opaque or nearly opaque solids, it is surprising to note that until recently relatively little reliable experimental data, and much less theoretical work was available on the nature of transparent solids. This, in spite of the fact that a vast majority of engineering and device ap­ plications of a solid depend on its optical transparency. Needless to say, all solids are both transparent and opa­ que depending on the spectral region of consideration. The absorption processes that limit the transparency of a solid are either due to lattice vibrations, as in ionic or partially ionic solids, or due to electronic transi­ tions, both intrinsic and impurity-induced. For most materials, a sufficiently wide spectral window exists be­ tween these two limits, where the material is transpar­ ent. In general, the absorption coefficient, in the long wavelength side of, but sufficiently away from, the fun­ damental absorption edge, is relatively structureless and has an exponential dependence on frequency. Recent evi­ dence suggests that in the short wavelength side of the one-phonon region, but beyond two- or three-phonon sin­ gularities, the absorption coefficient of both polar and nonpolar solids is also relatively structureless and de­ pends exponentially on frequency.

Keywords

Absorption Blende Dispersion Photometer exciton glass laser light scattering optical communication optical properties scattering semiconductor spectroscopy transmission transparency

Editors and affiliations

  • Shashanka S. Mitra
    • 1
  • Bernard Bendow
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA
  2. 2.Air Force Cambridge Research LaboratoriesBedfordUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-2178-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1975
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4684-2180-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4684-2178-1
  • About this book