Fundamentals of Cybernetics

  • Authors
  • A.¬†Ya.¬†Lerner

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 1-10
  3. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 11-22
  4. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 23-38
  5. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 39-55
  6. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 56-74
  7. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 75-88
  8. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 89-111
  9. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 112-127
  10. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 128-145
  11. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 146-168
  12. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 169-182
  13. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 183-194
  14. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 195-208
  15. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 209-223
  16. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 224-237
  17. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 238-254
  18. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 255-267
  19. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 268-277
  20. A. Ya. Lerner
    Pages 278-286

About this book

Introduction

The development of science consists not only of deepening and widening the already established scientific disciplines but also depends on the emergence of new ones. The emergence and development of new sciences is influenced primarily by two factors: isolation and generalisation. Isolation of scientific disciplines is due to the discovery of new objects of investigation and the emergence of specific scientific trends. This leads to the study of a relatively narrow class of objects which are characterised by their specific approach to both the formulation and the solution of problems. Examples of this type of specific scientific diSciplines include, for instance, chemistry of high molecular compounds and the theory of electrical machines, which are both devoted to the study of a relatively narrow field. In addition there are the more general scientific disciplines, whose characteristics are that they are created for the purpose of studying such natural phenomena as occur in a very wide class of objects. Disciplines of this type are, for instance, the theory of dimensions and the theory of similarity, the theory of dynamic systems and thermodynamics. The very general, as opposed to the very specific, sciences tend by their nature to be more theoretical and depend much more on the language, mathematical or otherwise, used to describe them.

Keywords

cybernetics nature optimal control science

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-1704-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1972
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4684-1706-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4684-1704-3
  • About this book