Advertisement

Fundamental and Applied Aspects of Nonionizing Radiation

  • Solomon M. Michaelson
  • Morton W. Miller
  • Richard Magin
  • Edwin L. Carstensen

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Biophysics and Dosimetry

  3. Energy Absorption

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 91-91
    2. Adolfo Portela, Osvaldo Llobera, Solomon M. Michaelson, P. A. Stewart, Juan C. Perez, Ariel H. Guerrero et al.
      Pages 93-127
    3. John Bligh
      Pages 143-164
  4. Microwave—Biological Effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 165-165
    2. Arthur W. Guy, James C. Lin, C. K. Chou
      Pages 167-211
    3. Sol M. Michaelson
      Pages 213-229
  5. Ultrasound—Biological Effects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. K. J. W. Taylor, M. Dyson
      Pages 263-276
    3. W. L. Nyborg, D. L. Miller, A. Gershoy
      Pages 277-299
  6. Medical Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 301-301
    2. Justus F. Lehmann, C. Gerald Warren
      Pages 303-324
    3. Padmakar P. Lele
      Pages 325-340
    4. C. R. Hill
      Pages 341-350
    5. John C. Mitchell, William D. Hurt, Terry O. Steiner
      Pages 351-363
  7. Occupational Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 365-365
    2. P. Czerski, M. Siekierzyński
      Pages 367-377
    3. Lawrence T. Odland
      Pages 389-407
  8. Future Applications and Controls

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 409-409
    2. Peter E. Glaser, Owen Maynard
      Pages 433-446
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 459-470

About this book

Introduction

During the last 30 years, there has been a remarkable devel­ opment and increase in the number of processes and devices that utilize or emit non-ionizing radiant energies such as micro­ waves, a form of electromagnetic wave energy and ultrasound representative of mechanical vibration. These energies are used in all sectors of our society for military, industrial, telecommunications, medical, and consumer applications. More recently, the use of ultrasound in biology and medicine has been considerably expanded. These increases in sources of non­ ionizing radiant energy have resulted in growing interest on the part of government regulatory agencies, industrial and mili­ tary physicians, research workers, clinicians, and even environ­ mentalists. Although there is information on biologic effects and potential hazards to man from exposure to microwaves or ultrasound, considerable confusion and misinformation has permeated not only the public press but also some scientific and technical publications. Interest in the biologic effects of high frequency currents developed in the beginning of the present century. This was followed by the introduction of "u1trashortwave" therapy. During the latter part of World War II, the U. S. military services became interested in the possible hazards to personnel working around microwave sources, and the Office of Naval Research of the U. S. Navy began to sponsor research on the biologic effects of microwaves in 1948. In 1956, the U. S.

Keywords

communication diagnosis electromagnetic wave energy information medicine microwave research safety service sound surgery telecommunications tissue ultrasound

Editors and affiliations

  • Solomon M. Michaelson
    • 1
  • Morton W. Miller
    • 1
  • Richard Magin
    • 1
  • Edwin L. Carstensen
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of RochesterUSA

Bibliographic information