Modern Inertial Technology

Navigation, Guidance, and Control

  • Anthony¬†Lawrence

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 1-3
  3. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 4-23
  4. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 42-56
  5. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 57-71
  6. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 72-83
  7. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 84-92
  8. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 93-118
  9. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 119-126
  10. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 127-147
  11. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 148-162
  12. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 163-181
  13. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 182-198
  14. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 199-215
  15. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 216-229
  16. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 230-250
  17. Anthony Lawrence
    Pages 251-258
  18. Back Matter
    Pages 259-268

About this book

Introduction

Automatic navigation makes ocean-going and flying safer and less expensive: Safer because machines are tireless and always vigilant; inexpensive because it does not use human navigators who are, unavoidably, highly trained and thus expensive people. What is more, unmanned deep space travel would be impossible without automatic navigation. Navigation can be automated with the radio systems Loran, Omega, and the Global Positioning System (GPS) of earth satellites, but its most versatile form is completely self-contained and is called inertial navigation. It uses gyroscopes and accelerometers (inertial sensors) to measure the state of motion of the vehicle by noting changes in that state caused by accelerations. By knowing the vehicle's starting position and noting the changes in its direction and speed, one can keep track of the vehicle's present position. Mankind first used this technology in World War n, in guided weapons where cost was unimportant; only 20-30 years later did it become cheap enough to be used commercially. The electronics revolution, in which vacuum tubes were replaced by integrated circuits, has dramatically altered the field of inertial navigation. Early inertial systems used complex mechanical gimbal structures and mechanical gyroscopes with spinning wheels. The gimbals allowed the gyroscopes to stabilize a mass (called a "platform") so that it remained in a fixed attitude relative to a chosen coordinate frame, even as the vehicle turned around any or all of its three major axes.

Keywords

accelerometer electronics navigation platform sensor sensors

Authors and affiliations

  • Anthony¬†Lawrence
    • 1
  1. 1.PepperellUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-0444-9
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1993
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4684-0446-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4684-0444-9
  • About this book