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New Microbiotests for Routine Toxicity Screening and Biomonitoring

  • Guido Persoone
  • Colin Janssen
  • Wim De Coen

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Reviews on Toxicity Tests

  3. Toxicity Testing for Regulatory Purposes

  4. New Microbiotests and Specific Test Criteria

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. I. Aoyama, H. Okamura, L. Rong
      Pages 123-133
    3. J. Lappalainen, R. Juvonen, K. Vaajasaari, M. Karp
      Pages 141-143
    4. M. M. Moreira Dos Santos, G. Persoone
      Pages 145-153
    5. S. Trapmann, K. H. Grobecker, J. Pauwels, H. Schnabl
      Pages 191-195
    6. M. Virta, J. Lappalainen, S. Tauriainen, M. Karp
      Pages 209-213
  5. Sensitivity Comparisons of Toxicity Tests

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
  6. Toxicity Testing of Natural Waters

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 279-279
    2. A. Angelaki, M. Sakellariou, D. Pateras, A. Kungolos
      Pages 281-288
    3. M. Isidori, A. Parrella, C. M. L. Piazza, R. Strada
      Pages 289-293
  7. Toxicity Testing of Wastes, Waste Waters And Leachates

About this book

Introduction

The determination of the hazards resulting from the accidental or deli berate contamination of terrestrial and aquatic environments is in most countries still lirnited to the detection and quantification of the suspected pollutants by chemical analyses. Such an approach is unfortunately hampered by the following constraints : the costs as weil as the technical difficulties of analyzing every individual chemical which may be present in the sampies, and the difficulty of assessing the hazards and risks of environmental contaminations from a set of chemical data. During the last decades the scientific and regulatory community has gradually realized that biological methodologies have to be taken into consideration for an ecologically meaningful assessment of the toxicological hazards of contaminants. Effect evaluations obtained with biological techniques indeed integrate the impact of all the contaminants to which living biota are exposed. Bioassays with selected test species representative for the biological commumtles of the environments under consideration, are now applied more or less regularly to determine toxic and genotoxic effects. Taking into account the species specific and chemical specific character of toxicity to biota, the necessity of a «battery of tests» approach with species of different trophic levels is currently also generally accepted and implemented. It is dear that a balanced partnership between chemical, biological, toxicological and microbiological analyses is always the best strategy for generating the broadest information base on environmental hazards.

Keywords

Air pollution Biomonitoring contamination development environment environmental contamination leachate pollution soil toxicity toxicity testing

Editors and affiliations

  • Guido Persoone
    • 1
  • Colin Janssen
    • 1
  • Wim De Coen
    • 2
  1. 1.University of GhentGhentBelgium
  2. 2.University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-4289-6
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-6924-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-4289-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site