About this book
In the past twenty years, the X-ray crystallography of organic molecules has expanded rapidly in two opposite directions. One is towards larger and larger biological macromolecules and the other is towards the fine details of the electronic structure of small molecules. Both advances required the development of more sophisticated methodologies. Both were made possible by the rapid development of computer technology. X-ray diffraction equipment has responded to these demands, in the one case by the ability to measure quickly many thousands of diffraction spectra, in the other by providing instruments capable of very high precision. Molecules interact through their electrostatic potentials and therefore their experimental and theoretical measurement and calculation is an essential component to understanding the electronic structure of chemical and biochemical reactions. In this ASI, we have brought together experts and their students from both the experimental and theoretical sides of this field, in order that they better understand the philosophy and complexity of these two complementary approaches. George A. Jeffrey Department of Crystallography University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 USA vii CONTENTS LECTURES General Considerations on Methods for Studying Molecular Structures and Electron Density Distributions ..
X-ray crystallography chemistry crystal crystallography electron hydrogen neutron diffraction spectroscopy