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Municipal Waste Incineration Risk Assessment

Deposition, Food Chain Impacts, Uncertainty, and Research Needs

  • Curtis C. Travis

Part of the Contemporary Issues in Risk Analysis book series (CIRA, volume 5)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Sally A. Campbell, Kenneth L. Zankel, Roger Brower, James M. Teitt
    Pages 27-51
  3. Curtis C. Travis, Mark W. Yambert
    Pages 53-63
  4. Holly A. Hattemer-Frey, Curtis C. Travis
    Pages 87-124
  5. Eros Bacci, Davide Calamari
    Pages 139-150
  6. Craig Mc Farlane
    Pages 151-164
  7. Rick Tyler, Obed Odoemelam, Paul Shulec, Michael Marchlik
    Pages 241-249
  8. Sylvia A. Edgerton, Jean M. Czuczwa, Jerry D. Rench, Robert F. Hodanbosi, Paul J. Koval
    Pages 251-267
  9. D. B. Chambers, B. G. Ibbotson, B. P. Powers
    Pages 269-295
  10. Hari V. Rao, David R. Brown
    Pages 297-306
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 307-314

About this book

Introduction

The disposal of large quantities of municipal solid waste (MSW) being generated by industrialized countries has become a serious problem. Since it is estimated that within 10 years, half of all municipalities will lack sufficient landfill space, many cities are considering municipal waste combustion as an alternative waste management option.\ Municipal waste combustors have been a source of contention in many local communities and a growing research topic in the scientific community. This book represents a compilation of chapters written by experienced individuals in the areas ofemissions estimation, deposition modeling, risk assessment, indirect exposures, and uncertainty analysis. Estimation of potential human risks associated with pollutants has become an increasing concern. Most often, values required for deposition rates and annual atmospheric concentrations are estimated through the useofatmospheric dispersion models. Chapter 1compares data on the tlatterrain versus the complex terrain dispersion models such as the U.S. EPA Industrial Source Complex Short Term (ISCST) and Long Term (lSCLT). Chapter 2 focuses on the modeling of atmospheric dispersion and dry deposition of fine particulates. A specific size particle (10-20 urn) is used because of its relevance to municipal waste facilities since best available control technology effectively removes particulates above this size range. The deposition ofmaterials from the atmosphere is a critical link in the pathway by which toxic atmospheric pollutants are transported to the surface of food chain components. Chapter 3 describes the importance accounting for wet deposition in risk assessments of municipal waste incinerators.

Keywords

atmosphere combustion degradation dispersion distribution environment food iron plant plants pollutants quality research risk assessment transport

Editors and affiliations

  • Curtis C. Travis
    • 1
  1. 1.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA

Bibliographic information