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Low-Calorie Foods and Food Ingredients

  • Riaz Khan

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. J. E. Blundell, C. de Graaf
    Pages 1-21
  3. G. Urquhart, S.V. Molinary
    Pages 22-35
  4. G. Annison, C. Bertocchi, R. Khan
    Pages 53-76
  5. R. L. Barndt, R. N. Antenucci
    Pages 106-137
  6. M. Mathlouthi, C. Bressan
    Pages 165-178
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 179-183

About this book

Introduction

amounts can produce a deleterious effect on animals. In an attempt to quantify this potential for toxicity and to give sufficient margin for safety, JECFA has introduced an acceptable daily intake (ADI) level for food additives. For example, the ADI values granted for saccharin, aspartame, cyclamate, acesulfame-K and sucralose are 2. 5, 40, 11,9 and 1 3. 5 mg kg- body weight per day, respectively. Chapter 2 on regulatory aspects of low-calorie food elaborates these points. The additives that are to be consumed in large amounts, such as a fat replacement product like 'Olestra' or a new bulking material like 'polydextrose', present a more complex problem as far as the evaluation of their toxicity is concerned. Normal safety testing of an additive, such as a high-intensity sweetener, requires that the test animals are fed with a sufficiently high dosage in order to produce an effect and then on that basis an ADI value is calculated. In cases like 'Olestra' and 'polydex­ trose', which are not normally present in diet or metabolised to dietary constituents, such an approach will obviously not be applicable, or of any use, in calculating an ADI value. Due to these factors the regulatory authorities have not yet been able to produce any guidelines for toxicity trials for additives that are to be taken in food in large quantities.

Keywords

additives food metabolism nutrition toxicity

Editors and affiliations

  • Riaz Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.POLY-biòs LBTTriesteItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-3114-2
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-6362-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-3114-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site