Challenges of Psychoanalysis in the 21st Century

Psychoanalysis, Health, and Psychosexuality in the Era of Virtual Reality

  • José Guimón
  • Sara Zac de Filc

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Psychoanalysis and Virtual Reality

  3. Psychosexuality

    1. Didier Houzel
      Pages 45-53
    2. Alicia Schteingart-Gitnacht
      Pages 55-60
    3. Juan Manzano
      Pages 61-65
  4. Psychoanalysis and Health

  5. Psychoanalysis in Psychiatry

    1. Andre Haynal, Georges Abraham, Antonio Andreoli, François Ladame, Thierry de Saussure, Elsa Schmid-Kitsikis et al.
      Pages 111-115
    2. Bertrand Cramer
      Pages 149-150
    3. Florence Quartier-Frings
      Pages 179-183
  6. Conclusion

    1. Nicos Nicolaïdis
      Pages 185-186
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 187-190

About this book


During discussion of psychoanalysis and virtual reality in the new millennium, it was predicted that in the next century the differences between the conscious, unconscious, and the pre-conscious will have to be reconsidered in view of the ever-expanding concepts created by virtual reality. There will be virtual sexual acts over the Internet, ovum parthenogenesis will be possible without the intervention of the male, and clonic reproduction of the human being will be carried out in the laboratory. The child born in these circumstances will relate to a widening array of potential parental figures: the classic heterosexual couple, the single-parent family, the homosexual couple, the transsexual figure, etc. All this will of course alter the classic Oedipal constellation and without doubt the gender identity of the child.

There will be attempts to undergo psychoanalysis via the Internet in the same way that other kinds of psychotherapy are being virtualized. But this will force us to redefine transference. On the other hand, it seems likely that psychoanalysis as a psychotherapeutic tool will, in the 21st century, relate more to somatic, medical patients or to the `worried well' than to psychiatric patients. These brief considerations on the scope of our deliberations in some way explain the diversity of this book, but also justify its interest.


Anna Freud Evaluation Freud Infantile Sexuality Narcissism The Conscious Training Transference intervention psychiatry

Editors and affiliations

  • José Guimón
    • 1
  • Sara Zac de Filc
    • 2
  1. 1.University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.International Psychoanalytic AssociationBuenos AiresArgentina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-5514-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-1357-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site