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  • © 2001

From Leaders to Rulers

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Part of the book series: Fundamental Issues in Archaeology (FIAR)

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  • ISBN: 978-1-4615-1297-4
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Table of contents (11 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-1
  3. The Emergence of Leaders

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 35-36
    2. The Origins of Centralization

      • Winifred Creamer
      Pages 37-58
  4. Leaders to Rulers

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 83-84
    2. Rulers and Warriors

      • Kristian Kristiansen
      Pages 85-104
    3. Institutionalization of Chiefdoms

      • Timothy K. Earle
      Pages 105-124
  5. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 233-233
    2. Nonlinear Paths of Political Centralization

      • Jonathan Haas
      Pages 235-243
  6. Back Matter

    Pages 245-286

About this book

The evolution of complex cultural systems is marked by a number of broad, sweeping patterns that characterize many different cultures at different points in time across the globe. Over the course of the past 100,000 years, there has been a general evolutionary trend for cultural systems to get larger and more complex. A consistent element in the broad course of cultural evolu­ tion has been the emergence and subsequent development of centralized forms of political organization. The record of the first modern humans illuminates a global wide pat­ tern of relative social equality and decentralized deciSion-making processes. Prior to about 10,000 years ago, there are no indications of clear social, political, or economic hierarchies. In these early millennia archaeological markers of social ranking are lacking and there is a similar absence of evidence pointing to the presence of leaders, chiefs or rulers. The pattern of social equality began to change at different moments and at different rates in various parts of the world in the course of the last 10,000 years. In some areas, such as Mesopotamia, politically centralized hierarchies emerged very early and developed rapidly, while in others, such as the Arctic, political centralization never emerged outside the context of Western colonialism. In every culture area, the origins and development of politically cen­ tralized social systems and the emergence of leaders and rulers followed a unique evolutionary trajectory depending on local history and environment.

Keywords

  • DDR
  • Evolution
  • Maya
  • Mesopotamia
  • bronze age
  • cultural evolution
  • landscape

Reviews

"[...]contains nine high-quality essays by well-known archaeologists, who discuss considerable amounts of data from various regions in the world and attendant literature on the interpretation of cultural sequences and social/political change."
(Journal of Anthropological Research, 58, 2002)

Editors and Affiliations

  • The Field Museum, Chicago, USA

    Jonathan Haas

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: From Leaders to Rulers

  • Editors: Jonathan Haas

  • Series Title: Fundamental Issues in Archaeology

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-1297-4

  • Publisher: Springer New York, NY

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

  • Copyright Information: Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-0-306-46421-8

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-1-4613-5484-0

  • eBook ISBN: 978-1-4615-1297-4

  • Series ISSN: 1567-8040

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIII, 286

  • Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Life Sciences

Buying options

eBook
USD 139.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4615-1297-4
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD 179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD 199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)