Chemical Modification, Properties, and Usage of Lignin

  • Thomas Q. Hu

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Stéphanie Baumberger
    Pages 1-19
  3. Hyoe Hatakeyama
    Pages 41-56
  4. Alessandro Gandini, Mohamed Naceur Belgacem, Zhao-Xia Guo, Suzelei Montanari
    Pages 57-80
  5. Dorel Feldman
    Pages 81-99
  6. Helmut Nägele, Jürgen Pfitzer, Edgar Nägele, Emilia R. Inone, Norbert Eisenreich, Wilhelm Eckl et al.
    Pages 101-119
  7. John F. Kadla, Satoshi Kubo, Richard D. Gilbert, Richard A. Venditti
    Pages 121-137
  8. Kyoko Katsumata, Gyosuke Meshitsuka
    Pages 151-165
  9. Klaus Fischer, Rainer Schiene
    Pages 167-198
  10. Donald R. Dimmel, Joseph J. Bozell, David G. von Oepen, Michael C. Savidakis
    Pages 199-219
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 283-291

About this book


One of the most significant challenges facing mankind in the twenty-first century is the development of a sustainable global economy. Within the scientific community, this calls for the development of processes and technologies that will allow the sustainable production of materials from renewable natural resources. Plant material, in particular lignin, is one such resource. During the annual production of about 100 million metric tons of chemical wood pulps worldwide, approximately 45 and 2 million metric tons/year of kraft lignin and lignosulfonates, respectively, are also generated. Although lignosulfonates have found many applications outside the pulp and paper industry, the majority of kraft lignin is being used internally as a low-grade fuel for the kraft pulping operation. A surplus of kraft lignin will become available as kraft mills increase their pulp production without expanding the capacity of their recovery boilers that utilize lignin as a fuel. There is a tremendous opportunity and an enormous economic incentive to find better uses of kraft lignin, lignosulfonates and other industriallignins. The pulp and paper industry not only produces an enormous amount of lignins as by­ products of chemical wood pulps, but it also utilizes about 10 million metric tons of lignin per year as a component of mechanical wood pulps and papers. Mechanical wood pulps, produced in a yield of 90-98% with the retention of lignin, are mainly used to make low-quality, non-permanent papers such as newsprint and telephone directories because of the light-induced photooxidation of lignin and the yellowing of the papers.


Biopolymer Lignin Polyanilin Polyblend Polyester Polyurethan Polyurethane Thermoplast forest polymer

Editors and affiliations

  • Thomas Q. Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.Pulp and Paper Research Institute of CanadaVancouverCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-5173-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-0643-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site