Frontiers in Cardiovascular Health

  • Naranjan S. Dhalla
  • Arun Chockalingam
  • H. Ivan Berkowitz
  • Pawan K. Singal

Part of the Progress in Experimental Cardiology book series (PREC, volume 9)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Disease

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. James T. Willerson
      Pages 3-18
    3. Mark L. Entman, Keith A. Youker, Venkatesh Lakshminarayanan, Tareck O. Nossuli, Oliver Dewald, C. Wayne Smith et al.
      Pages 19-28
    4. Yao Sun, Karl T. Weber
      Pages 29-35
    5. Václav Pelouch, Marie Milerová, Bohumil Hučín, Michaela Adamcová, Blanka Panušková, Jan Škovránek
      Pages 37-53
    6. Yu. A. Romanov, E. L. Soboleva, V. N. Smirnov, A. Bobik
      Pages 55-72
    7. Gordon A. Francis
      Pages 83-95
    8. Punam K. Chohan, Thomas Netticadan, Naranjan S. Dhalla
      Pages 97-107
    9. Chiara Bolego, Andrea Poli, Rodolfo Paoletti
      Pages 109-117
    10. Thomas Chacko Pulinilkunnil, Nandakumar Sambandam, Brian Rodrigues
      Pages 119-143
    11. Petr Ostadal, Irena Zdobnicka, Naranjan S. Dhalla
      Pages 145-157
    12. Tohru Izumi, Naoyoshi Aoyama, Mototsugu Nishii, Hitoshi Takehana, Chieko Matsuda, Ken Kohno et al.
      Pages 159-169
    13. Ramesh N. Kundur, Maureen P. Flattery, Michael L. Hess
      Pages 171-176
    14. Akinori Kimura, Manatsu Ito-Satoh, Takeharu Hayashi, Megumi Takahashi, Takuro Arimura, Michio Yasunami et al.
      Pages 195-206
  3. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Health

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 207-207
    2. Carl L. Keen, Roberta R. Holt, Fernando Carrasquedo, M. Eric Gershwin, Tin K. Mao, Harold H. Schmitz
      Pages 209-226
    3. Qiming Shao, Pamela M. Keagy
      Pages 227-241

About this book

Introduction

The Frontiers in Cardiovascular Health varies between and within nations, depend­ ing upon the level at which the battle is fought for better cardiovascular health. According to the 1997 World Health Report, 15 million deaths (i. e. 30% of the total number of deaths) were attributable to cardiovascular diseases and this number is on the rise. The projection for the year 2020 is quite alarming with an expected cardiovascular mortality reaching 50 million. Much of this burden is projected to occur in developing countries, more specifically in the most populous countries of the world, namely China and India. These countries are already burdened with infectious and parasitic diseases and are trying to eradicate such diseases. With increasing life expectancies people all over the world, especially in developing coun­ tries, are exposed to degenerative atherosclerosis resulting in increased cardiovascu­ lar mortality and morbidity. In developing countries, resources available for health care are very limited. For example many of the African countries spend less than $10 per person per year on his/her entire health care let alone cardiovascular health. The average health care budget for nearly two thirds of the global population is well below $100 per year, on a per capita basis. Therefore, in developing countries health promotion and primary prevention are the frontiers by necessity. Improving awareness and health education is not only a matter of choice but is an absolute necessity.

Keywords

Diabetes Stress cardiac function cardiovascular prevention

Editors and affiliations

  • Naranjan S. Dhalla
    • 1
  • Arun Chockalingam
    • 2
  • H. Ivan Berkowitz
    • 1
  • Pawan K. Singal
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences St. Boniface General Hospital Research Centre Faculty of MedicineUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Circulatory & Respiratory HealthCanadian Institutes of Health ResearchVancouverCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0455-9
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-5085-9
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-0455-9
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-1774
  • About this book