New and Renewable Technologies for Sustainable Development

  • Naim Hamdia Afgan
  • Maria da Graça Carvalho

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Sustainability Development in Energy Strategy

    1. Mário J. Fernandes, Agostinho Figueira, José Cotrim
      Pages 1-10
    2. Naim H. Afgan, Maria G. Carvalho, Nikolai V. Hovanov
      Pages 11-33
    3. Avram Bar-Cohen, Suzana Prstic, Kazuaki Yazawa, Madhu Iyengar
      Pages 35-57
    4. F. Orecchini, A. Micangeli, I. Pollini, A. Santiangeli, L. Del Campo, F. Zuccari
      Pages 73-84
    5. L. Suganthi, A. Williams
      Pages 85-94
  3. Economic Evaluation of New and Renewable Energy Source

    1. Zeljko Bogdan, Drazen Loncar, Nikola Serman
      Pages 169-178
    2. Dimitris Th. Askounis, Argiris G. Kagiannas, John Psarras
      Pages 179-190
    3. Dimitris Th. Askounis, Argiris G. Kagiannas, John Psarras
      Pages 191-202
    4. Anildo Costa, Cláudio Monteiro, Vladimiro Miranda, Luís M. Monteiro Alves, Maria GraÇa da Carvalho
      Pages 211-220
    5. Neven Duić, Franjo Juretić, Mladen Zeljko, Željko Bogdan
      Pages 221-231

About this book


Sustainable development encompasses economic, social, and ecological perspectives of conservation and change in natural resources. It is generally defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This definition is based on the ethical imperative of equity within and between generations. Moreover, apart from meeting; "the basic needs of all"; sustainable development implies sustaining the natural life­ support systems on Earth, and extending to all the opportunity to satisfy their aspirations for a better life. Hence, sustainable development is more precisely defined as a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development, and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspiration. To date, various definitions and stationary-state criteria of sustainability have been proposed. Many authors have been concerned with only part of the problem, such as the technological assumptions, the ability to substitute natural resources in economic transformation processes, and the resilience and importance of ecological processes. But, the social dimension did not receive the same attention, and has not been adequately integrated into formal analysis. The engineering community has to play an important role in sustainable development with appropriate evaluation of the engineering systems. In this respect energy, water and environment systems require multi-criteria evaluation methods for the assessment of the economic, environmental and social aspect of the systems.


Mist Photovoltaics Renewable Energies Sustainable Energy development solar cell solar energy

Editors and affiliations

  • Naim Hamdia Afgan
    • 1
  • Maria da Graça Carvalho
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Superior TécnicoPortugal

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-5009-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-0296-8
  • About this book