Functional Neuroimaging in Exercise and Sport Sciences

  • Henning Boecker
  • Charles H. Hillman
  • Lukas Scheef
  • Heiko K. Strüder

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Theoretical Background, Animal Models, and Basic Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Rod K. Dishman, Philip V. Holmes
      Pages 45-58
    3. Romain Meeusen, Vinciane Fontenelle
      Pages 59-76
  3. Methods for Human Neuroimaging in Exercise and Sport Sciences: Theoretical Background and Practical Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 77-77
    2. Wildor Hollmann, Helge Knigge, Axel Knicker, Heiko K. Strüder
      Pages 79-107
    3. Marcel Daamen, Markus Raab
      Pages 109-153
    4. Michael Valet, Till Sprenger, Lukas Scheef, Henning Boecker
      Pages 155-168
    5. Sandra Rojas Vega, Wildor Hollmann, Heiko K. Strüder
      Pages 169-196
    6. Stefan Schneider, Heiko K. Strüder
      Pages 197-212
    7. Matthias Kohl-Bareis
      Pages 213-235
    8. Lukas Scheef, Frank Träber
      Pages 237-267
    9. Isabelle Miederer, Henning Boecker
      Pages 319-331
  4. Effects of Exercise on Brain Perfusion, Metabolism, and Structure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 333-333
    2. Manabu Tashiro, Toshihiko Fujimoto, Mohammad Mehedi Masud, Sabina Khondkar, Shoichi Watanuki, Kazuhiko Yanai et al.
      Pages 351-373
    3. Christina E. Hugenschmidt, Paul J. Laurienti, Jonathan H. Burdette
      Pages 375-396

About this book

Introduction

Regular physical exercise is associated with substantial health benefits. Recent evidence not only holds for cardiovascular effects promoting "physical health", but also for the central nervous system believed to promote "brain health”. Moderate physical exercise has been found to improve learning, memory, and attentional processing, with recent research indicating that neuroprotective mechanisms and associated plasticity in brain structure and function also benefit. Physical exercise is also known to induce a range of acute or sustained psychophysiological effects, among these mood elevation, stress reduction, anxiolysis, and hypoalgesia. Today, modern functional neuroimaging techniques afford direct measurement of the acute and chronic relation of physical exercise on the human brain, as well as the correlation of the derived physiological in vivo signals with behavioral outcomes recorded during and after exercise. A wide range of imaging techniques have been applied to human exercise research, ranging from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to positron emission tomography (PET). All of these imaging methods provide distinct information, and they differ considerably in terms of spatial and temporal resolution, availability, cost, and associated risks. However, from a “multimodal imaging” perspective, neuroimaging provides an unprecedented potential to unravel the neurobiology of human exercise, covering a wide spectrum ranging from structural plasticity in gray and white matter, network dynamics, global and regional perfusion, evoked neuronal responses to the quantification of neurotransmitter release. The aim of this book is to provide the current state of the human neuroimaging literature in the emerging field of the neurobiological exercise sciences and to outline future applications and directions of research.

Editors and affiliations

  • Henning Boecker
    • 1
  • Charles H. Hillman
    • 2
  • Lukas Scheef
    • 3
  • Heiko K. Strüder
    • 4
  1. 1.FE Klinische Funktionelle Neurobildgebun, Experimentelle RadiologieRadiologische Universitätsklinik BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2., Department of Kinesiology and CommunityUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaiUrbanaUSA
  3. 3.FE Klinische Funktionelle Neurobildgebun, Experimentelle RadiologieRadiologische UniversitätsklinikBonnGermany
  4. 4.Deutsche Sporthochschule KölnInstitut für Bewegungs- und NeurowissensKölnGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3293-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4614-3292-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4614-3293-7
  • About this book