© 2014

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology

  • J. Michael Spector
  • M. David Merrill
  • Jan Elen
  • M. J. Bishop

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxv
  2. Foundations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-2
    2. Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer, Anique B. H. de Bruin
      Pages 21-29
    3. Gary R. Morrison, Steven M. Ross
      Pages 31-38
    4. Wellesley R. Foshay, Steven W. Villachica, Donald A. Stepich
      Pages 39-49
    5. Pavlo D. Antonenko, Tamara van Gog, Fred Paas
      Pages 51-63
    6. ChanMin Kim, Reinhard Pekrun
      Pages 65-75
    7. Robert Maribe Branch, Theodore J. Kopcha
      Pages 77-87
    8. Scott Joseph Warren, Jennifer Lee, Anjum Najmi
      Pages 89-99
    9. Matthew J. Koehler, Punya Mishra, Kristen Kereluik, Tae Seob Shin, Charles R. Graham
      Pages 101-111
    10. Stephanie L. Moore, James B. Ellsworth
      Pages 113-127
  3. Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 129-130
    2. Susan McKenney, Thomas C. Reeves
      Pages 131-140
    3. Rita C. Richey, James D. Klein
      Pages 141-150
    4. Meghan McGlinn Manfra, Daniel Kelvin Bullock
      Pages 161-172
    5. Marcia A. Mardis, Ellen S. Hoffman, Peter J. Rich
      Pages 173-193
    6. J. Michael Spector
      Pages 195-201
    7. Gerald A. Knezek, Rhonda Christensen
      Pages 203-220

About this book


 Now in its fourth edition, the Handbook has become synonymous with excellence in providing cutting edge research on educational communications and technology to the information and communication technology community. This Handbook is written for researchers in educational communication and technology, professors of instructional design and instructional technology as well as professionals working in the fields of ICT, Learning Sciences, Educational Technology, IT, and ID. In addition, it has been and will continue to be an invaluable reference for academic and professional libraries.

 Under the sponsorship of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), an international cadre of authors has been assembled representing the absolute best in the field. Expanded from 56 to 74 chapters, topics covered range from methodology, instructional strategies, assessment, design models, implementation and technology integration. A full 15 chapters are devoted to examining the future of the field, including robust discussions of new and emerging technologies and the fostering of ICT research in the developing world.  This completely expanded and updated Handbook will become an indispensible addition to the field; anyone with an interest in the field of educational communications and technology will find their library enriched for including it.


Educational technology research Infomation and communications technology Model-based learning Motivational models for learning and instruction Personalized learning Research on ICT

Editors and affiliations

  • J. Michael Spector
    • 1
  • M. David Merrill
    • 2
  • Jan Elen
    • 3
  • M. J. Bishop
    • 4
  1. 1., Department of Learning Technologies, CUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA
  2. 2.St. GeorgeUSA
  3. 3., Centr. Instructiepsychol.&-technologieK.U. LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  4. 4.BethlehemUSA

About the editors

J. Michael Spector is Research Scientist at the Learning and Performance Support Laboratory and Professor in the Educational Psychology and Instructional Technology Department at the University of Gerogia. His recent research is in the areas of intelligent support for instructional design, system dynamics based learning environments, assessing learning in complex domains, distance learning, and technology integration in education. M. David Merrill is retired Professor Emeritus, Utah State University. Since retiring, he has worked as a visiting Research professor at Florida State University and Research Consultant and Professor in Residence at Brigham Young University-Hawaii. He led the team which developed the authoring system for TICCIT (Time-shared Interactive Computer Controlled Information Television). Dr. Merrill further developed component display theory in association with the TICCIT system and refined that theory in the form of both elaboration theory and instructional transaction theory. Jan Elen is Professor in the Department of Educational Sciences of the Katholieke University of Leuven. His research is oriented towards the design and use of computer-supported learning environments in educational settings. He is the coordinator of the newly- founded School of Education of the Association at Katholieke University of Leuven. MJ Bishop is Associate Professor in the College of Education at Lehigh University. Her research interests are in understanding the fundamental components and the psychology behind instructional media and delivery systems in order to discover their pedagogical capabilities and limitations. Her goals are to devise more effective ways to design instructional technologies that enhance learning.

Bibliographic information


“The Handbook aims to provide the most comprehensive, definitive, and accurate single-volume overview available in the field of educational communication and technology. … this book is not only a sign of the field’s development, but also a reflection on the dynamic state of mainstream educational research. Because of that, it is a mandatory read and reference for all educationalists and researchers of education.” (Tamara Savelyeva, Technology Knowledge and Learning, Vol. 20, 2015)

“The volume updates the findings from the third edition, published in 2008, and will stand for several years as a summary of research in the field of educational technology or educational communications technology (ECT). … The volume serves a valuable purpose of scholars seeking specific research findings in their areas of interest. … My kudos to the editors and contributors of this outstanding volume!” (Brent G. Wilson, Educational Technology, Vol. 54 (6), November-December, 2014)