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The Psychology of Expertise

Cognitive Research and Empirical AI

  • Robert R. Hoffman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

  3. Cognitive Theory and Expertise

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. Nancy J. Cooke
      Pages 29-60
    3. Robert M. Schumacher, Mary P. Czerwinski
      Pages 61-79
  4. Knowledge Elicitation Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 97-97
    2. Kenneth M. Ford, Jack R. Adams-Webber
      Pages 121-136
    3. David S. Prerau, Mark R. Adler, Alan S. Gunderson
      Pages 137-148
  5. Psychological Research on Expertise

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. Robert J. Sternberg, Peter A. Frensch
      Pages 191-203
    3. Francis S. Bellezza
      Pages 204-217
  6. Expert-Novice Differences and the Development of Expertise

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 231-231
    2. Mícheál Foley, Anna Hart
      Pages 233-244
    3. Robert L. Campbell, Norman R. Brown, Lia A. DiBello
      Pages 269-294
  7. Overview

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 314-395

About this book

Introduction

Experts, who were the sole active dispensers of certain kinds of knowledge in the days before AI, have now often assumed a rather passive role. They relay their knowledge to various novices, knowledge engineers, experimental psychologists or cognitivists - or other experts! - involved in the development and understanding of expert systems. This book achieves a perfect marriage between experimentalists and theoreticians who deal with expertise. It tries to establish the benefits to society of an advanced technology for representing and disseminating the knowledge and skills of the best corporate managers, the most seasoned pilots, and the most renowned medical diagnosticians. This book interests psychologists as well as all those out in the trenches developing expert systems, and everyone pondering the nature of expertise and the question of how it can be studied scientifically. Its scope, the pivotal concepts which it elucidates and brilliantly summarizes and appraises in the final chapter, as well as the references it includes, make this book a landmark in the field.

Keywords

artificial intelligence epistemology expert system knowledge knowledge engineering learning memory modeling philosophy psychology

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert R. Hoffman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAdelphi UniversityGarden CityUSA

Bibliographic information