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Clinical Perspectives in the Management of Down Syndrome

  • Don C. Van Dyke
  • David J. Lang
  • Frances Heide
  • Susan van Duyne
  • M. Joan Soucek

Part of the Disorders of Human Learning, Behavior, and Communication book series (HUMAN LEARNING)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Assessment, Characteristics, and Clinical Management in Down Syndrome

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Don C. Van Dyke, David J. Lang, John D. Miller, Frances Heide, Susan van Duyne, Hyejung Chang
      Pages 3-14
    3. Don C. Van Dyke, Maurice E. Popejoy, William G. Hemenway
      Pages 15-25
    4. Walter M. Fierson
      Pages 26-54
    5. L. Stephen Gordon
      Pages 55-71
    6. Oariona Lowe
      Pages 72-79
    7. Cheryl A. Gahagen, Don C. Van Dyke
      Pages 80-92
    8. Marty Novak Hoffman, Linda Lusardi Peterson, Don C. Van Dyke
      Pages 93-101
    9. Don C. Van Dyke, Linda Lusardi Peterson, Marty Novak Hoffman
      Pages 102-106
    10. Marion Taylor Baer, Jan Waldron, Heather Gumm, Don C. Van Dyke, Hyejung Chang
      Pages 107-125
    11. Marty Novak Hoffman, Ruth Zemke
      Pages 126-138
    12. Stacy L. Schantz, Warren S. Brown
      Pages 139-146
    13. Laura F. Meyers
      Pages 153-164
  3. Topics and Issues in Down Syndrome

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 165-165
    2. Don C. Van Dyke, Frances Heide
      Pages 167-170
    3. Don C. Van Dyke, Marty Novak Hoffman, Susan van Duyne, Frances Heide, Ruth Zemke
      Pages 171-180
    4. Robert A. Krance, David J. Lang
      Pages 181-192
    5. Susan van Duyne, Toni Monson, Frances Heide
      Pages 193-202
    6. Don C. Van Dyke, Susan van Duyne
      Pages 203-207
    7. Don C. Van Dyke, Susan van Duyne, Oariona Lowe, Frances Heide
      Pages 208-216
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 217-246

About this book

Introduction

The management of and attitudes toward children and adults with Down syndrome have undergone considerable changes in the course of the condi­ tion's long history (Zellweger, 1977, 1981, Zellweger & Patil, 1987). J. E. D. Esquirol (1838) and E. Seguin (1846) were probably the first physicians to witness the condition without using currently accepted diagnostic designa­ tions. Seguin coined the terms furfuraceus or lowland cretinism in contradis­ tinction to the goiterous cretinism endemic at that time in the Swiss Alps. Esquirol, as well as Seguin, had a positive attitude toward persons who were mentally ill or mentally subnormal. Esquirol pioneered a more humane treatment in mental institutions and Seguin created the first homes in France, and later in the United States, aimed at educating persons who were mentally subnormal. The term mongolian idiocy was coined by J. H. L. Down in England (1866). The term is misleading in several respects: (1) Down identified the epicanthic folds seen in many children with Down syndrome with the additional skin fold in the upper lid occurring particularly in people of Oriental (Mongolian) descent; and (2) Down also erred by assuming that Down syndrome represented regression to an ethnic variant of lower cultural standing. Such an interpretation might have been understandable at a time when the myth of Anglo-Saxon superiority was widely accepted by the British. Charles Darwin's then highly acclaimed theory of origin of the species may have contributed to such a concept.

Keywords

Down-Syndrom Syndrom interaction intervention nutrition psychology rehabilitation sexuality syndromes

Editors and affiliations

  • Don C. Van Dyke
    • 1
  • David J. Lang
    • 2
  • Frances Heide
    • 3
  • Susan van Duyne
    • 4
  • M. Joan Soucek
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsThe University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Children’s Hospital of Orange CountyOrangeUSA
  3. 3.San Gabriel Pomona Regional CenterWest CovinaUSA
  4. 4.ChicagoUSA
  5. 5.Division of Developmental DisabilitiesThe University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA

Bibliographic information