Crustal Evolution of Southern Africa

3.8 Billion Years of Earth History

  • A. J. Tankard
  • M. P. A. Jackson
  • K. A. Eriksson
  • D. K. Hobday
  • D. R. Hunter
  • W. E. L. Minter

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Tectonic Framework

    1. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 1-16
  3. Archean Crustal Evolution

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 18-19
    2. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 21-86
    3. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 87-111
  4. Early Proterozoic Supracrustal Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 112-113
    2. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 115-150
    3. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 151-174
    4. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 175-202
    5. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 203-216
  5. Proterozoic Orogenic Activity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 218-219
    2. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 221-274
    3. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 275-328
  6. The Gondwana Era

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 330-331
    2. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 333-363
    3. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 364-402
  7. After Gondwana

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 404-405
    2. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 407-423
    3. S. C. Eriksson
      Pages 424-432
    4. A. J. Tankard, M. P. A. Jackson, K. A. Eriksson, D. K. Hobday, D. R. Hunter, W. E. L. Minter
      Pages 433-454

About this book

Introduction

Syntheses of the geology of major areas of the Earth's crust are increasingly needed in order that the features of, and the problems associated with, the secular evolution of the continents can be understood by a wide audience. Southern Africa is fortunate in having a remarkable variety of geological environments developed without many breaks over 3. 8 Ga, and many of the rock groups are household names throughout the geological world. In one respect the geology of Southern Africa is particularly important: cratonization clearly began as early as 3. 0 Ga ago, in contrast to about 2. 5 Ga in most other continental areas such as North America. This book documents very well the remarkable change in tectonic conditions that took place between the Early and Mid-Precambrian; we have here evidence of the very earliest development of rigid lithospheric plates. This book is a tribute to the multitudes of scientists who have worked out the geology of Southern Africa over many years and decades. Whatever their discipline, each provided a step in the construction of this fascinating story of 3. 8 Ga of crustal development. In the book the reader will find a detailed review of the factual data, together with a balanced account of interpretative models without the indulgence of undue speculation. One of its attractions is its multidisciplinary approach which provides a stimulating challenge to the reader.

Keywords

Erdkruste Südafrika /Geologie environment evolution geochemistry geography geology mineral sediment sedimentation stratigraphy volcanism

Authors and affiliations

  • A. J. Tankard
    • 1
  • M. P. A. Jackson
    • 2
  • K. A. Eriksson
    • 3
  • D. K. Hobday
    • 4
  • D. R. Hunter
    • 5
  • W. E. L. Minter
    • 6
  1. 1.Petro-CanadaCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Bureau of Economic GeologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Department of Geological SciencesVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  4. 4.Department of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Geology and MineralogyUniversity of NatalPietermaritzburgSouth Africa
  6. 6.Anglo American Corporation of South AfricaWelkomSouth Africa

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-8147-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1982
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-8149-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-8147-1
  • About this book