Control of Posture and Locomotion

  • R. B. Stein
  • K. G. Pearson
  • R. S. Smith
  • J. B. Redford

Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 7)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Motor Units and Muscle Spindles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. A. J. McComas, R. E. P. Sica, A. R. M. Upton, D. Longmire, M. R. Caccia
      Pages 55-72
    3. H. L. Atwood
      Pages 87-104
    4. R. S. Smith, G. Blinston, W. K. Ovalle
      Pages 105-117
    5. J. C. Houk, D. A. Harris, Z. Hasan
      Pages 147-163
    6. R. Granit
      Pages 165-169
    7. P. B. C. Matthews
      Pages 171-172
    8. J. A. Stephens, R. L. Gerlach, R. M. Reinking, D. G. Stuart
      Pages 179-185
    9. E. E. Fetz, D. V. Finocchio, M. A. Baker
      Pages 187-190
  3. Control of Posture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-195

About this book

Introduction

R. B. Stein Department of Physiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada The impetus for this volume and the conference that gave rise to it was the feeling that studies on motor control had reached a turning point. In recent years, studies on motor units and muscle receptors have become increasingly detailed. Attempts to integrate these studies into quantitative models for the spinal control of posture have appeared and preliminary attempts have been made to include the most direct supraspinal pathways into these models (see for example the chapters by Nashner and Melvill Jones et al. in this volume). Thus, we felt that the time was ripe to summarize these developments in a way which might be useful not only to basic medical scientists, but also to clinicians dealing with disorders of motor control, and to bioengineers attempting to build devices to assist or replace normal control. Over the past few years, computer methods have also made possible increasingly detailed studies of mammalian locomotion, and improved physiological and pharmacological studies have appeared. There seems to be almost universal agreement now that the patterns for locomotion are generated in the spinal cord, and that they can be generated with little, if any, phasic sensory information (see chapters by Grillner and Miller et al. ). This concludes a long controversy on whether chains of reflexes or central circuits generate stepping patterns. The nature of the pattern generators in mammals remains obscure, but invertebrate studies on locomotion have recently made striking advances.

Keywords

computer development feeling muscle pharmacology physiology spinal cord

Editors and affiliations

  • R. B. Stein
    • 1
  • K. G. Pearson
    • 1
  • R. S. Smith
    • 1
  • J. B. Redford
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Alberta and University of Alberta HospitalEdmontonCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-4547-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1973
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-4549-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-4547-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0099-6246
  • About this book