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Principles and Practice of X-Ray Spectrometric Analysis

  • Eugene P. Bertin

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxii
  2. X-Ray Physics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 51-85
  3. The X-Ray Spectrometer, Its Components, and Their Operation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 113-160
    3. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 161-217
    4. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 219-284
    5. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 285-314
  4. Qualitative and Semiquantitative Analysis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N3-N3
    2. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 435-457
  5. Performance Criteria and Other Features

    1. Front Matter
      Pages N5-N5
    2. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 459-500
    3. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 501-527
  6. Quantitative Analysis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 569-569
    2. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 571-641
  7. Specimen Preparation and Presentation

  8. Unconventional Modes of Operation; Related X-Ray Methods of Analysis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 809-809
    2. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 811-828
    3. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 829-858
    4. Eugene P. Bertin
      Pages 903-945
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 947-1079

About this book

Introduction

Since the first edition of this book was published early in 1970, three major developments have occurred in the field of x-ray spectrochemical analysis. First, wavelength-dispersive spectrometry, in 1970 already securely established among instrumental analytical methods, has matured. Highly sophisticated, miniaturized, modular, solid-state circuitry has replaced elec­ tron-tube circuitry in the readout system. Computers are now widely used to program and control fully automated spectrometers and to store, process, and compute analytical concentrations directly and immediately from ac­ cumulated count data. Matrix effects have largely yielded to mathematical treatment. The problems associated with the ultralong-wavelength region have been largely surmounted. Indirect (association) methods have extended the applicability of x-ray spectrometry to the entire periodic table and even to certain classes of compounds. Modern commercial, computerized, auto­ matic, simultaneous x-ray spectrometers can index up to 60 specimens in turn into the measurement position and for each collect count data for up to 30 elements and read out the analytical results in 1--4 min-all corrected for absorption-enhancement and particle-size or surface-texture effects­ and wholly unattended. Sample preparation has long been the time-limiting step in x-ray spectrochemical analysis. Second, energy-dispersive spectrometry, in 1970 only beginning to assume its place among instrumental analytical methods, has undergone phenomenal development and application and, some believe, may supplant wavelength spectrometry for most applications in the foreseeable future.

Keywords

Chromat Lithium Phosphor Platin X-ray chemical analysis circuit energy material physics qualitative analysis quantitative analysis sorption spectrometry system

Authors and affiliations

  • Eugene P. Bertin
    • 1
  1. 1.RCA LaboratoriesDavid Sarnoff Research CenterPrincetonUSA

Bibliographic information