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The Theory of Binocular Vision

Ewald Hering (1868)

  • Bruce Bridgeman
  • Lawrence Stark

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Introduction

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 1-13
  3. Translator’s Note

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 14-15
  4. Introduction

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 16-16
  5. On the Bifixation of the Double Eye

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 17-22
    2. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 25-31
    3. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 32-35
    4. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 36-40
    5. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 41-45
    6. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 46-49
    7. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 50-55
    8. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 56-58
    9. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 59-61
    10. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 62-73
  6. On the Orientation of the Double Eye

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 74-82
    2. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 83-91
    3. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 92-103
    4. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 104-115
    5. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 116-126
    6. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 127-139
    7. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 140-152
  7. On the Eye Muscles

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 153-160
    2. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 161-165
    3. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 166-174
  8. On the Accommodation of the Double Eye

    1. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 183-186
    2. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 187-188
    3. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 194-196
    4. Bruce Bridgeman, Lawrence Stark
      Pages 197-204
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 204-218

About this book

Introduction

The Theory of Binocular Vision is a book about neurological control theory. In this sense it was far ahead of its time, for the formal development of control theory was many decades in the future when this book appeared in 1868. Hering's principal concept is that the control of eye movements is greatly simplified if there is only one neurological control system commanding the 'double-eye' as a single organ. This idea leads directly to the first thorough exposition of what is now known as Hering's law, that the corresponding muscles of the two eyes are always equally innervated. As Hering eloquently states it, "one and the same impulse of will directs both eyes simultaneously as one can direct a pair of horses with single reins" (Ch. 2). The 19th Century The book was written during an exciting era for physiological research. Before the mid-19th century the study of physiology had been limited to isolated efforts by great men who worked largely without colleagues or organized laboratories. Now for the first time of inquiry, with many sensory physiology was becoming a living field groups working simultaneously on fundamental problems. Like the classical Greeks before them in philosophy, the physiologists of the 19th century were defining in a burst of creative energy the problems 1 2 Introduction which would shape subsequent inquiry; and like the Greeks, they produced a splendid period of science.

Keywords

development energy eye muscle organ pathology philosophy physiology research retina

Editors and affiliations

  • Bruce Bridgeman
    • 1
  • Lawrence Stark
    • 2
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Bibliographic information