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Physics of Ion-Ion and Electron-Ion Collisions

  • F. Brouillard
  • J. W. McGowan

Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (volume 83)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Yong-Ki Kim
    Pages 101-165
  3. D. H. Crandall
    Pages 201-238
  4. Erhard Salzborn
    Pages 239-277
  5. J. B. A. Mitchell, J. Wm. McGowan
    Pages 279-324
  6. Antoine Salin
    Pages 325-372
  7. F. Brouillard, W. Claeys
    Pages 415-459
  8. J. B. Hasted
    Pages 461-500
  9. David Smith, Nigel G. Adams
    Pages 501-532
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 533-538

About this book

Introduction

Some of the earliest civilizations regarded the universe as organized around four principles, the four "elements" earth. water, air, and fire. Fire, which was the source of light and as such possessed an immaterial quality related to the spiritual world. was clearly the most impressive of these elements, although its quanti­ tative importance could not have been properly discerned. M- ern science has changed the names, but macroscopic matter is still divided into four states. The solid, liquid, and gaseous states are ordinary states, but the fourth state of matter, the plasma state, has retained a somewhat extraordinary character. It is now recognized that most of the matter of the universe is in the ionized state. but on the earth. the plasma state is still the exception. Hence the importance and also the difficulty of investigations dealing with ionized matter, which have been greatly furthered by the development of thermonuclear fusion research. The study of matter in the ionized state comprises a large diversity of problems belonging to many different branches of phys­ ics. A number of them relate to the microscopic properties of plasmas and concern the structure and the collisional behavior of atomic constituents. Although they are clearly of basic importance, their relevance to thermonuclear research was at first overlooked, at a time when most of the effort was concentrated on designing fusion devices and understanding macroscopic phenomena, mostly of an electromagnetic nature. At present.

Keywords

astrophysics design development energy flow liquid material measurement physics quality research science solid structure water

Editors and affiliations

  • F. Brouillard
    • 1
  • J. W. McGowan
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsCatholic University of LouvainLouvain-La-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

Bibliographic information