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Human Behavior and Traffic Safety

  • Leonard Evans
  • Richard C. Schwing

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Cochairman’s Remarks Scope and Purpose of the Symposium

  3. Traffic Safety Trends—Contrasts and Explanations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 3-3
    2. James H. Hedlund
      Pages 7-26
    3. Masaki Koshi
      Pages 27-41
  4. Observational Studies of Traffic-Related Human Behavior

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Brian O’Neill, Adrian K. Lund, Paul Zador, Steve Ashton
      Pages 93-118
    3. Gerald J. S. Wilde, Stephen P. Claxton-Oldfield, Peter H. Platenius
      Pages 119-149
    4. Richard C. Schwing
      Pages 187-188
  5. Driver Behavior Inferred from Field Accident Data

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. Leonard Evans, Richard C. Schwing
      Pages 278-283
    3. Linda S. Angell, Calvin S. von Buseck
      Pages 285-335
  6. What Can Be Done? Motivational Approaches to Modifying Driver Behavior

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 535-567

About this book

Introduction

This volume contains the papers and discussions from a Symposium on :'Hu­ man Behavior and Traffic Safety" held at the General Motors Research Labora­ tories on September 23-25, 1984. This Symposium was the twenty-ninth in an annual series sponsored by the Research Laboratories. Initiated in 1957, these symposia have as their objective the promotion of the interchange of knowledge among specialists from many allied disciplines in rapidly developing or chang­ ing areas of science or technology. Attendees characteristically represent the aca­ demic, government, and industrial institutions that are noted for their ongoing activities in the particular area of interest. of this Symposium was to focus on the role of human behavior The objective in traffic safety. In this regard, a clear distinction is drawn between, on the one hand, "human behavior," and on the other "human performance." Human per­ formance at the driving task, or what the driver can do, has been the subject of much research reported in the technical literature. Although clearly of some rel­ evance, questions of performance do not appear to be central to most traffic crashes. Of much more central importance is human behavior, or what the driver in fact does. This is much more difficult to determine, and is the subject of the Symposium.

Keywords

alcohol behavior human behavior interaction knowledge motivation research safety science technology

Editors and affiliations

  • Leonard Evans
    • 1
  • Richard C. Schwing
    • 1
  1. 1.General Motors Research LaboratoriesWarrenUSA

Bibliographic information