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Ultrasound

Medical Applications, Biological Effects, and Hazard Potential

  • Michael H. Repacholi
  • Martino Grandolfo
  • Alessandro Rindi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Wesley L. Nyborg
    Pages 1-12
  3. Martino Grandolfo, Paolo Vecchia
    Pages 13-28
  4. Deirdre A. Benwell, Stephen H. P. Bly
    Pages 29-47
  5. Wesley L. Nyborg
    Pages 73-84
  6. Edwin L. Carstensen
    Pages 85-103
  7. Vincenzina Mazzeo
    Pages 155-170
  8. A. R. Williams
    Pages 171-183
  9. A. R. Williams
    Pages 185-193
  10. B. R. Fisher, M. E. Stratmeyer
    Pages 195-217
  11. M. E. Stratmeyer, B. R. Fisher
    Pages 219-232
  12. Michael H. Repacholi
    Pages 233-245
  13. Deirdre A. Benwell
    Pages 247-253
  14. Wesley L. Nyborg
    Pages 255-263
  15. Gail ter Haar
    Pages 265-273
  16. Padmakar P. Lele, Gerard E. Sleefe
    Pages 343-356
  17. Marvin C. Ziskin
    Pages 357-362
  18. W. L. Nyborg, E. Carstensen, K. Giese, G. ter Haar, P. Lele, A. R. Williams
    Pages 363-366
  19. Back Matter
    Pages 367-373

About this book

Introduction

This volume contains the lectures presented at the International School of Radiation Damage and Protection at the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Sci­ entific Culture in Erice, Italy, September 6-15, 1985. The sixth course of the School, entitled "Advances in Applications, Biological Effects, and Dosimetry of Ultrasound," provided an in-depth review of all facets of ultra­ sound interactions and their biological effects on living systems, allowing an assessment of the hazard potential of the various applications of ultra­ sound. Particular reference was made to possible health risks associated with medical ultrasound exposure since this use is by far the most prevalent. Since the initial application of ultrasound to submarine detection, medical diagnostic and therapeutic applications have become predominant over the past 20 years. The question of safety of this physical agent is an extremely important one. In many industrialized countries most pregnant women receive at least one diagnostic ultrasound examination before the birth of the child. Thus, potential hazards to the fetus are of prime concern. This problem has been aggravated by the fact that the medical diagnostic applications of ultrasound have far outpaced research efforts on biological effects. A further compounding factor of concern to clinicians and scientists has been the use of higher and higher intensities by the manufacturers of ultrasound equipment, particularly higher peak pulse intensities.

Keywords

assessment birth child dosimetry fetus health radiation radiation damage research safety ultrasound women

Editors and affiliations

  • Michael H. Repacholi
    • 1
  • Martino Grandolfo
    • 2
  • Alessandro Rindi
    • 3
  1. 1.Royal Adelaide HospitalAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Superior Institute of HealthRomeItaly
  3. 3.National Institute of Nuclear PhysicsFrascatiItaly

Bibliographic information