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The State and the Labor Market

  • Samuel Rosenberg

Part of the Plenum Studies in Work and Industry book series (SSWI)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Government Policy and the Labor Market

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-22
    2. Jill Rubery, Frank Wilkinson, Roger Tarling
      Pages 23-45
    3. Lluis Fina, Alberto Meixide, Luis Toharia
      Pages 107-125
    4. Sebastiano Brusco, Paola Villa
      Pages 127-150
  4. Youth, Antidiscrimination, and Working-Time Policies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 171-173
    2. Annie Gauvin, François Michon
      Pages 207-220
    3. Anne Marie Berg
      Pages 221-231
  5. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 233-233
    2. Samuel Rosenberg
      Pages 235-249
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 251-258

About this book

Introduction

In the two decades before the mid-1970s, macroeconomic policies in Western Europe were frequently accompanied by policies of direct wage restraint in the pursuit of acceptable levels of employment, inflation, and international competitiveness. The same period witnessed a proliferation of social welfare programs, elements of which were sometimes commingled with demand management and pay policies in trilateral bargaining processes involving gov­ ernments, unions, and employers. In the wake of such subsequent develop­ ments as the oil price shocks, sharply intensified international competition, and slowing of growth rates in productivity, however, governments resorted more frequently to deflationist macroeconomic policies and also to policies aimed directly at increasing IIflexibility" in wage determination and the de­ ployment of labor by the firm. It is a major theme of this very interesting book that these labor market policies have not been demonstrably (or at least sufficiently) effective in com­ bating the high rates of unemployment which have been prevalent in most of the countries of Western Europe since the late 1970s. This theme emerges from the chapters on labor market developments and policies in six countries of Western Europe, the United States, and Hungary (a welcome addition to this type of scholarship), as well as another set of chapters'devoted to specific policy areas. In effect, Samuel Rosenberg and his colleagues-an interna­ tional team of nineteen economists and sociologists-are repeating in con­ crete terms a sermon preached by Keynes over a half century ago.

Keywords

Economic Stagnation Employment Employment Relations Government Policy Industrial Relations Job Security Labor Market Restructuring Part-Time Employment Public Service Employment Unemployment Unions Wage Control Policy Wage-Level Policy Work Time Reduction Work-Sharing

Editors and affiliations

  • Samuel Rosenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsRoosevelt UniversityChicagoUSA

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