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The Physiological Mechanisms of Motivation

  • Donald W. Pfaff

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Concepts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Hunger and Thirst

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 59-59
    2. Carl Pfaffmann
      Pages 61-97
    3. Ralph Norgren, Harvey Grill
      Pages 99-131
    4. Gerard P. Smith
      Pages 133-143
    5. Alan N. Epstein
      Pages 165-214
  4. Thermal, Maternal, and Sexual Motivation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
    2. Susan E. Fahrbach, Donald W. Pfaff
      Pages 253-285
    3. Donald W. Pfaff
      Pages 287-317
  5. Approach vs. Avoidance in Motivation and Emotion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 319-319
    2. Richard L. Solomon
      Pages 321-336
    3. Eliot Stellar
      Pages 377-407
    4. Neal E. Miller
      Pages 409-432
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 473-482

About this book

Introduction

To scientists engaged in research on the cellular mechanisms in the mammalian brain, concepts of "motivation" seem to be a logical neces­ sity, even if they are not fashionable. Immersed in the detailed, time­ consuming research required to deal with mammalian nerve cells, we usually pay scant attention to the more global brain -behavior questions that have arisen from decades of biological and psychological studies. We felt it was time to confront these issues-namely, how far has neuro­ biological investigation come in uncovering mechanisms by which moti­ vational signals influence behavior? At Rockefeller University, we have recently held a course on this subject. We restricted our treatment to those motivational systems most tractable to physiological approaches, and invited scientists skilled in both behavioral issues and physiological techniques to participate. This volume results from that course. The deans and administration at Rockefeller University provided much help in planning the course, and the staff of Springer-Verlag assisted in planning the book. Gabriele Zummer helped organize both the course and the processing of book chapters. They all deserve our thanks. December 1981 Donald W. Pfaff Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior Rockefeller University Contents Part One: Concepts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1 Donald W. Pfaff Motivational Concepts: Definitions and Distinctions . . . . . . . . . . 3 Motivation: A Brief Review of Concepts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Reinforcement, Reward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Incentive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Arousal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Emotion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Motivation Is a Unitary Behavioral Concept with Multiple Neurophysiological Mechanisms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Chapter 2 Alan N.

Keywords

Motivation Pfaff Psychophysiologie attention neurobiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Donald W. Pfaff
    • 1
  1. 1.The Rockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA

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