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High Altitude Physiology and Medicine

  • Walter Brendel
  • Roman A. Zink

Part of the Topics in Environmental Physiology and Medicine book series (TEPHY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Physiology of Adaptation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Oxygen Uptake in the Lungs

      1. John R. Sutton, Gary W. Gray, Murray D. McFadden, Charles S. Houston, A. C. Peter Powles
        Pages 3-8
    3. Oxygen Affinity and Oxygen Unloading

    4. Hypoxia and Anaerobic Metabolism

      1. M. Paz Zamora, J. Coudert, J. Arnaud, E. Vargas, J. Ergueta Collao, N. Gutierrez et al.
        Pages 81-87
      2. P. E. di Prampero, P. Mognoni, A. Veicsteinas
        Pages 88-93
      3. P. Cerretelli, A. Veicsteinas, C. Marconi
        Pages 94-102
    5. Flow Distribution and Oxygen Transport

      1. H. Schmid-Schönbein
        Pages 109-116
      2. K. Messmer
        Pages 117-122
      3. J. Durand, P. Varene, C. Jacquemin
        Pages 129-141
      4. G. Antezana, L. Barragán, J. Coudert, L. Coudkowicz, J. Durand, A. Lockhart et al.
        Pages 142-149
    6. Hormonal, Hematologic, and Electrolyte Changes

      1. John R. Sutton, Fausto Garmendia
        Pages 165-171
      2. J. Raynaud, L. Drouet, J. Coudert, J. Durand
        Pages 172-175
      3. G. Coates, G. W. Gray, C. Nahmias, A. C. Powles, J. R. Sutton
        Pages 176-178
      4. G. Coates, G. W. Gray, C. Nahmias, A. C. Powles, J. R. Sutton
        Pages 179-182
      5. C. Rupp, R. A. Zink, W. Brendel
        Pages 183-186
      6. R. A. Zink, H. P. Lobenhoffer, B. Heimhuber, C. Rupp, R. Schneider
        Pages 187-189
  3. Disturbances Due to High Altitude and Therapy of High Altitude Complaints

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 191-191
    2. Cerebral and Ophthalmologic Changes

    3. High Altitude Pulmonary Edema

      1. H. P. Lobenhoffer, R. A. Zink, W. Brendel
        Pages 219-231
      2. G. Antezana, G. Leguia, A. Morales Guzman, J. Coudert, H. Spielvogel
        Pages 232-241
      3. G. Coates, G. Gray, A. Mansell, C. Nahmias, A. Powles, J. Sutton et al.
        Pages 248-254
      4. P. H. Hackett, Mary L. Forsling, J. Milledge, D. Rennie
        Pages 261-262
      5. J. Durand, J. Coudert, J. D. Guieu, J. Mensch-Dechene
        Pages 263-265
      6. S. K. Kwatra, R. Viswanathan
        Pages 268-268
    4. Chronic Mountain Sickness and Performance

      1. Julio C. Cruz, Sixto Recavarren
        Pages 271-277
      2. Hsueh-han Ning, Shao-yung Huang, Mei-chuen Gung, Chung-yuan Shi, Shu-tsu Hu
        Pages 278-283
    5. High Altitude Expeditions

      1. R. A. Zink, W. Schaffert, K. Messmer, W. Brendel
        Pages 291-297

About these proceedings

Introduction

High altitude physiology and medicine has again become important. The excep­ tional achievements of mountaineers who have climbed nearly all peaks over 8,000 m without breathing equipment raise the question of maximal adaptation ca­ pacity of man to low oxygen pressures. More importantly, the increase in tourism in the Andes and the Himalayas brings over 10,000 people to sites at altitudes above 4,000 and 5,000 m each year. At such heights several kinds of high alti­ tude diseases are likely to occur, and these complications require detailed medical investigations. Medical authorities need to inform both mountaineers and tourists as to how great a physical burden can be taken in the mountain environment without risk to health. Physicians need to know what kind of prophylaxis is to be employed at high altitudes to prevent the development of diseases and what therapeutic measures should be used once high altitude diseases have occurred. Moreover, the physical condition of the indigenous population living at higher altitudes such as the Andes and the Himalayas, who are exposed continuously to the stress of high altitude, requires our attention. We have become familiar with symptoms characteristic of chronic high-altitude disease: under special conditions this popu­ lation has a tendency to develop pulmonary hypertension, which is associated with pulmonary edema, pulmonary congestion, and right heart failure.

Keywords

Medicine Touristikmedizin pathophysiology physiology skeletal muscle tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • Walter Brendel
    • 1
  • Roman A. Zink
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Surgical Research of the LM-UniversityKlinkum GrosshadernMunich 70Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Documentation Center for High Altitude MedicineKlinkum GrosshadernMunich 19Federal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Urological Clinic of the LM-UniversityKlinkum GrosshadernMunich 70Federal Republic of Germany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-5639-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1982
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-5641-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-5639-7
  • Series Print ISSN 0172-6048
  • Buy this book on publisher's site