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Astronomy and History Selected Essays

  • O. Neugebauer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. General

  3. Egyptian

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 167-167
    2. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 196-203
    3. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 205-209
    4. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 211-213
  4. Babylonian

  5. Greco-Roman

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 271-271
    2. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 278-294
    3. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 302-304
    4. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 305-309
    5. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 311-318
    6. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 320-324
    7. Otto Neugebauer
      Pages 352-357
    8. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 358-359
    9. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 361-369
    10. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 372-378
  6. Medieval-Renaissance

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 379-379
    2. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 381-423
    3. O. Neugebauer, Olaf Schmidt
      Pages 425-432
    4. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 434-458
    5. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 459-460
    6. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 461-465
    7. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 467-489
    8. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 491-505
    9. O. Neugebauer
      Pages 521-522
    10. Otto Neugebauer
      Pages 523-538
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 539-539

About this book

Introduction

The collection of papers assembled here on a variety of topics in ancient and medieval astronomy was originally suggested by Noel Swerdlow of the University of Chicago. He was also instrumental in making a selection* which would, in general, be on the same level as my book The Exact Sciences in Antiquity. It may also provide a general background for my more technical History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy and for my edition of Astronomi­ cal Cuneiform Texts. Several of these republished articles were written because I wanted to put to rest well-entrenched historical myths which could not withstand close scrutiny of the sources. Examples are the supposed astronomical origin of the Egyptian calendar (see [9]), the discovery of precession by the Babylonians [16], and the "simplification" of the Ptolemaic system in Copernicus' De Revolutionibus [40]. In all of my work I have striven to present as accurately as I could what the original sources reveal (which is often very different from the received view). Thus, in [32] discussion of the technical terminology illuminates the meaning of an ancient passage which has been frequently misused to support modern theories about ancient heliocentrism; in [33] an almost isolated instance reveals how Greek world-maps really looked; and in [43] the Alexandrian Easter computus, held in awe by many historians, is shown from Ethiopic sources to be based on very simple procedures.

Keywords

Altertum /Naturwissenschaften Astronomie History Mittelalter /Naturwissenschaften astronomy

Authors and affiliations

  • O. Neugebauer
    • 1
  1. 1.History of Mathematics DepartmentBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

Bibliographic information