Categorization and Differentiation

A Set, Re-Set, Comparison Analysis of the Effects of Context on Person Perception

  • Leonard L. Martin

Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Chapter

    1. Leonard L. Martin
      Pages 1-23
    2. Leonard L. Martin
      Pages 24-38
    3. Leonard L. Martin
      Pages 39-57
    4. Leonard L. Martin
      Pages 58-69
  3. Back Matter
    Pages 70-87

About this book


In the context of interpersonal interaction, it is possible to characterize human beings as complex sources of information. When interacting with one another, people in­ tentionally, as well as unintentionally, emit cues which other people can use as a basis for generating inferences and forming impressions about them. As a rule, the informa­ tion that one receives about another person is complex, mutable, and multidimensional. Often, it is contradictory. One of the more enduring lines of investigation in social psychology has been concerned with understanding the processes whereby people mold such diverse information into a single, unified impression. The linear approach The most influential approach to this issue in recent years has been Anderson's information integration theory (e. g. , Anderson, 1974). The goal of this approach to im­ pression formation is the formulation of an algebraic model which describes the relation between stimulus input charac­ teristics and reported judgments. According to information integration theory, a stimulus is characterized hy two parameters: scale value and weight. The scale value of a stimulus represents the perceiver's subjective response to the information on the dimension of judgment (e. g. , good-bad, light-heavy, like-dislike). The weight of a stimulus is its importance or relevance to the judgment. It is perhaps best conceptualized as the proportion that each element of a compound stimulus contributes to the overall evaluation of the compound.


Action Evaluation Experiment Martin Perception

Authors and affiliations

  • Leonard L. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-387-96150-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-5122-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-7532
  • Buy this book on publisher's site