© 1985

The Pupil


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. The Normal Pupil

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. E. Alexandridis
      Pages 11-12
    3. E. Alexandridis
      Pages 13-17
    4. E. Alexandridis
      Pages 19-26
  3. Examination of the Pupil

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. E. Alexandridis
      Pages 29-36
  4. The Abnormal Pupil

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 41-41
    2. E. Alexandridis
      Pages 43-48
    3. E. Alexandridis
      Pages 77-87
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 89-117

About this book


This monograph by Professor Alexandridis continues the proud tradition of German ophthalmology in its discussion of the pupil and its importance in the diagnosis of ocular, neurologic, and systemic diseases. The first encyclopedic work on the pupil was written by Wilbrand and Saenger at the end of the 19th century. This redoubtable pair of physicians collected, analyzed, and clas­ sified all the material available at that time, bringing order into the previous chaos. The second major work was the book by C. v. Behr shortly after World War 1. At that time, syphilis had been accurately diagnosed with the aid of serologic tests, and pharmacologic effects on the pupil had become well known. The third significant development was initiated before World War II by the neurologist Otto Lowenstein, whose work was later brilliantly continued by his pupil and niece Irene Lowenfeld. The introduction of their clinically useful pupillograph made quantitative analysis possible. There followed a number of important contributions to the knowledge of pupillary physiology and pathology, espe­ cially by Harms in Tiibingen and Thompson in Iowa City. But the next decisive contribution is this monograph by Alexandridis.


ALEXANDRIDIS Pupille anatomy differential diagnosis eye pathology retina

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University Eye ClinicHeidelbergGermany

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title The Pupil
  • Authors Evangelos Alexandridis
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-387-96109-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-1-4612-9557-0
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-4612-5086-9
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages , 117
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Additional Information Title of the original German edition: Die Pupille
  • Topics Ophthalmology
  • Buy this book on publisher's site