New Directions for Medical Education

Problem-based Learning and Community-oriented Medical Education

  • Henk G. Schmidt
  • Mack LipkinJr.
  • Marten W. de Vries
  • Jacobus M. Greep

Part of the Frontiers of Primary Care book series (PRIMARY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. The Need: New Ways to Train Doctors

  3. Community-oriented Medical Education Today

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 47-50
    2. Dan E. Benor, Stevan E. Hobfoll, Moshe Prywes
      Pages 51-65
    3. U. Bollag, H. Schmidt, T. Fryers, J. Lawani
      Pages 78-92
  4. Problem-based Learning: Rationale and Examples

  5. Evaluation in Innovative Medical Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 157-163
    2. Maarten Verwijnen, Tjaart Imbos, Hetty Snellen, Betsy Stalenhoef, Marjan Pollemans, Scheltus van Luyk et al.
      Pages 180-195
    3. Herro F. Kraan, Alfons A. M. Crijnen, Jaap Zuidweg, Cees van der Vleuten, Tjaart Imbos
      Pages 206-219
    4. Marten W. de Vries, Henk G. Schmidt, Erik de Graaff
      Pages 230-241
  6. Faculty Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-241
    2. Henk G. Schmidt, Peter A. J. Bouhuijs, Tymoor Khattab, Fathi Makladi
      Pages 243-247
    3. Dan E. Benor, Sophia Mahler
      Pages 248-259
    4. Jos H. C. Moust, Henk G. Schmidt
      Pages 260-270
  7. Conclusions

    1. Henk G. Schmidt, Mack Lipkin Jr., Marten W. de Vries, Jacobus M. Greep
      Pages 275-277
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 279-300

About this book


Primary care medicine is the new frontier in medicine. Every nation in the world has recognized the necessity to deliver personal and primary care to its people. This includes first-contact care, care based in a positive and caring personal rela­ tionship, care by a single healthcare provider for the majority of the patient's prob­ lems, coordination of all care by the patient's personal provider, advocacy for the patient by the provider, the provision of preventive care and psychosocial care, as well as care for episodes of acute and chronic illness. These facets of care work most effectively when they are embedded in a coherent integrated approach. The support for primary care derives from several significant trends. First, technologically based care costs have rocketed beyond reason or availability, occurring in the face of exploding populations and diminishing real resources in many parts of the world, even in the wealthier nations. Simultaneously, the primary care disciplines-general internal medicine and pediatrics and family medicine-have matured significantly. They have become viable alternatives to the specialty approach to care with its potential dehumanization, coordination problems, and increased cost.


assessment care health medical education medicine

Editors and affiliations

  • Henk G. Schmidt
    • 1
  • Mack LipkinJr.
    • 2
  • Marten W. de Vries
    • 1
  • Jacobus M. Greep
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LimburgThe Netherlands
  2. 2.New York University Medical Center, School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-8114-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-3472-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-3618
  • Buy this book on publisher's site