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Solvent Abuse

A Population-Based Neuropsychological Study

  • Oliver Chadwick
  • H. Ross Anderson
  • J. Martin Bland
  • John Ramsey

Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Oliver Chadwick, H. Ross Anderson, J. Martin Bland, John Ramsey
    Pages 1-16
  3. Oliver Chadwick, H. Ross Anderson, J. Martin Bland, John Ramsey
    Pages 17-27
  4. Oliver Chadwick, H. Ross Anderson, J. Martin Bland, John Ramsey
    Pages 28-41
  5. Oliver Chadwick, H. Ross Anderson, J. Martin Bland, John Ramsey
    Pages 42-58
  6. Oliver Chadwick, H. Ross Anderson, J. Martin Bland, John Ramsey
    Pages 59-60
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 61-150

About this book

Introduction

1. 1 History of Solvent Abuse The practice of deliberately inhaling various gases or vapors in order to induce an altered state of mood or sensibility is not new. As noted repeatedly in other reviews (eg, Cohen, 1973; Novak, 1980), it was recognized in early Greek civilization as an adjunct to divination; indeed, it has now become customary, if not obligatory, to refer to the Oracle at Delphi before considering the more recent history of the subject. According to legend, the priestess at the Temple at Delphi would achieve communion with the Gods by inhaling the naturally-occurring gas that emanated from a fissure in a rock. Inhalation would induce a trance-like state. Her mystical observations and utterances while in this state were interpreted by the Temple Prophet and issued as divine pronouncements to those seeking guidance. Incenses, perfumes and spices have probably always been used in ceremonial worship and religious ritual. However, in sofar as it is possible to make the distinction, these substances have been used primarily for their aromatic qualities rather than for their intoxicating effects. The recreational use of gases and vapors dates from the end of the eighteenth century and may be seen as a concomitant of the scientific advances that preceded the industrial revolution. Following the synthesis of nitrous oxide by Sir Joseph Priestley in 1776, the potential uses of the gas were explored in depth by Sir Humphrey Davy.

Keywords

Schnüffelsucht alcohol children demography drug emotion epidemiological interview lung lung function outcome population sex smoking solvent abuse

Authors and affiliations

  • Oliver Chadwick
    • 1
  • H. Ross Anderson
    • 2
  • J. Martin Bland
    • 3
  • John Ramsey
    • 4
  1. 1.MRC Child Psychiatry UnitInstitute of PsychiatryLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Public Health SciencesSt. George’Hospital Medical SchoolLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Medical StatisticsSt. George’s Hospital Medical SchoolLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Chemical Pathology, Toxicology UnitSt. George’s Hospital Medical SchoolLondonUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3184-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-387-97607-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-3184-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-7532
  • Buy this book on publisher's site