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Understanding Crime Incidence Statistics

Why the UCR Diverges From the NCS

  • Albert D. Biderman
  • James P. Lynch

Part of the Research in Criminology book series (RESEARCH CRIM.)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Albert D. Biderman, James P. Lynch
    Pages 1-24
  3. Albert D. Biderman, James P. Lynch
    Pages 98-110
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 111-133

About this book

Introduction

The prominence achieved by the novel measure of "households touched by crime" when it was introduced into the National Crime Survey (NCS) in 1981 was responsible for renewed attention to comparisons between the crime rates reported by the NCS and the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR). The new NCS measure suggested that crime was declining; this at a time of widespread awareness that the UCR Index was at all-time highs. Com­ parisons of the NCS and UCR in The New York Times (1981) and the Washington Post (1981) had the unfortunate consequence of reviving old and usually ill-informed arguments about which is the "better" measure of "trends in crime. " More recent discrepant changes of the two measures in 1986 and 1987 rekindled the debate, although with somewhat diminished stridency. The efforts of criminological statisticians to develop an appreciation for the two statistical systems as quite different but complementary measures have suffered a setback in these debates, but an opportunity is also afforded to improve the understanding of crime statistics by officials, the media, and the public. The need remains for the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) , the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the research community to explain in quantitative terms the ways in which the two systems attend to different, albeit overlapping, aspects of the crime problem.

Keywords

Crime statistics survey

Authors and affiliations

  • Albert D. Biderman
    • 1
  • James P. Lynch
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Justice, Law, and SocietyThe American UniversityUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2986-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-7747-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-2986-5
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-7540
  • Buy this book on publisher's site