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The Long-Term Retention of Knowledge and Skills

A Cognitive and Instructional Perspective

  • Marshall J. Farr

Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-N12
  2. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 1-2
  3. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 3-5
  4. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 7-9
  5. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 11-15
  6. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 17-23
  7. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 25-43
  8. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 45-96
  9. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 97-100
  10. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 101-103
  11. Marshall J. Farr
    Pages 105-106
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 107-155

About this book

Introduction

A. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUNDl,2 This report reviews and interprets research on the nature and magnitude of the effects of those factors which influence how well knowledge and skills (K&S) are retained over relatively long periods of nonuse. Our interest lies in the kinds of knowledge domains and skills that military personnel must master to function effectively on their jobs. The practical concern impelling this study is that K&S degradation or loss (which we will refer to as "decay") can and does occur, often and severely enough, to jeopardize military preparedness. There are occasions in all the military services when personnel who have just completed their training do not receive an opportunity to practice or use their new capabilities for weeks or months. In the case of reservists who may be called back to active duty, the period of nonuse of relevant military job skills may be counted in terms of years. B. OBJECTIVES The overall objective is to critically analyze the relevant scientific literature which relates the processes involved in learning to those of memory, taking into account the characteristics of the learner and the learning tasks. More specifically, we have focused on the following sub-objectives: 1. Identify, describe and rank the influence and the interactions of the important major variables that affect long-term retention (LTR); 1 I am indebted to Dr. Jesse Orlansky, Institute for Defense Analyses, for his encouragement and guidance through all phases of this report.

Keywords

Action interaction learning memory

Authors and affiliations

  • Marshall J. Farr
    • 1
  1. 1.ArlingtonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-1062-7
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-387-96531-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-1062-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-7532
  • Buy this book on publisher's site